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ERIC Number: ED003248
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Feb
Pages: 76
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE HIGH SPEED ELECTRONIC COMPUTER AS A RESEARCH AND OPERATIONS DEVICE IN SCHOOL LAW.
ASHER, J. WILLIAM; KURFEERST, MARVIN
THE FEASIBILITY OF EMPLOYING ELECTRONIC COMPUTERS AS RESEARCH AND OPERATIONAL TOOLS IN THE AREA OF SCHOOL LAW WAS TESTED. TEXT MATERIAL WAS SELECTED, MARKED FOR TYPING BY AN ATTORNEY, AND TRANSFERRED TO MAGNETIC TAPE THROUGH THE INTERMEDIATE STEPS OF PUNCHED PAPER TAPE AND IBM PUNCH CARDS. A CONCORDANCE PROGRAM BROKE DOWN THE TEXT INTO ALPHABETIC WORD FREQUENCIES AND PINPOINTED EACH OCCURRENCE ACCORDING TO THE DOCUMENT IN WHICH IT APPEARED. THIS READY IDENTIFICATION ENABLED THE COMPUTER TO MATCH WORDS AND COMPARE DIRECTIONS GIVEN BY THE INVESTIGATOR. TWO BASIC PROGRAMS WERE UTILIZED DURING THIS PROJECT. THE FIRST WAS A STANDARD SEARCH WHICH INVOLVED THE COMBINING OF CONCEPTS AND HAVING THE COMPUTER MATCH AND LIST THOSE DOCUMENTS ACCORDING TO THE INSTRUCTIONS OF THE PROGRAM AND THE SEARCHER. THE SECOND PROGRAM, CALLED THE KEY WORD-IN-CONTEXT (KWIC) PROGRAM, ENABLED THE INVESTIGATOR TO IMMEDIATELY DETERMINE THE CONTEXT IN WHICH KEY WORDS WERE USED. A COMPARISON WAS THEN MADE BETWEEN MACHINE SEARCH AND A CONVENTIONAL HAND SEARCH DONE BY AN ATTORNEY. IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT RECODIFICATION OF LAWS IS FEASIBLE WITH COMPUTER ASSISTANCE, AND LEGAL INQUIRIES OF AN EDUCATIONAL NATURE CAN BE ECONOMICALLY SEARCHED BY MACHINE METHODS. (JK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Concordance (Data); PENNSYLVANIA; Pennsylvania (Pittsburgh)