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ERIC Number: ED003235
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Sep-30
Pages: 88
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
TO TEST REFINEMENTS IN INTRINSIC PROGRAMING IN PICTORIAL, AUDIO, AND PERFORMANCE FRAMES TO MAXIMIZE THE PROBABILITY OF DESIRED TERMINAL BEHAVIOR.
WENDT, PAUL R.; AND OTHERS
A SERIES OF SEVEN STUDIES WAS CONDUCTED CONCERNING FACTORS IN BRANCHING (PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION), USING SIMULATION TECHNIQUES OF PICTORIAL OR AUDIO STIMULUS FRAMES AND OF PERFORMANCE RESPONSES. USING VARIATIONS OF THREE OF THE FOUR PROGRAMS ORIGINALLY WRITTEN TO INSTRUCT COLLEGE JUNIORS AND SENIORS IN THE USE OF THE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY, THE STUDIES WERE DIRECTED TOWARD THE INTRODUCTION OF SIMULATION TECHNIQUES INTO THE PROGRAMS. THE GOAL WAS TO INCREASE THE PROBABILITY OF ACHIEVING THE DESIRED TERMINAL BEHAVIOR. THERE WERE TWO TYPES OF SIMULATION USED--(1) COLOR PHOTOGRAPHS WERE INCLUDED IN EVERY INSTRUCTION FRAME, COMBINED WITH RELEVANT VERBAL INSTRUCTION IN PRINT, AND (2) PERFORMANCE FRAMES AT A NUMBER OF POINTS IN THE PROGRAM REQUIRED THE LEARNER TO STOP THE PROGRAM AND PERFORM CORRECTLY A TASK BEFORE CONTINUING WITH THE PROGRAM. ALL SUBJECTS RECEIVED A PRETEST FORM OF A CRITERION TEST. SUBJECTS WERE ASSIGNED TO THE TEACHING MACHINE 1-3 WEEKS AFTER THE PRETEST. FOLLOWING THE PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION, THE POST-TEST WAS ADMINISTERED. IN ADDITION TO A REVIEW OF THE VALIDITY OF PERFORMANCE FRAMES, THIS REPORT DESCRIBED SEVEN DIFFERENT EXPERIMENTS INVOLVED IN THE STUDY SERIES. THE RESEARCHERS STRESS THAT CARE MUST BE TAKEN TO MAINTAIN THE NEED FOR ACADEMIC RECOGNITION BY MAKING PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION AN INTEGRAL PART OF COURSE ASSIGNMENTS. (JC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale.
Identifiers: ILLINOIS; Illinois (Carbondale)