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ERIC Number: ED003220
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Jul-30
Pages: 43
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
USING SIMULATION TECHNIQUES TO CHANGE ATTITUDES OF EDUCATION MAJORS TOWARD PROFESSIONAL COURSE OBJECTIVES.
BOND, JACK H.
THE PURPOSE WAS TO DETERMINE THE EFFECTS OF CLASSROOM SIMULATION ON THE ATTITUDES OF EDUCATION MAJORS TOWARD TOPICS IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY. EXPERIMENT 1 SOUGHT TO DETERMINE THE MAGNITUDE OF ATTITUDE CHANGE AS A RESULT OF SIMULATED EXPERIENCES. EXPERIMENT 2 REPEATED THE FIRST EXPERIMENT USING A REFINEMENT OF THE ATTITUDE INSTRUMENTATION AND TESTED THE RESULTS OF ATTITUDE CHANGE ON STUDENTS SCORING LOW ON A PRETEST OF ATTITUDE. THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP CONSISTED OF 20 STUDENTS. THE CONTROL GROUP CONSISTED OF 15 STUDENTS. SUBJECTS IN THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP WERE TRAINED 1 HOUR A DAY PER WEEK FOR 5 WEEKS. A VARIETY OF PROBLEM SEQUENCES WERE EMPLOYED TO TEACH A SPECIFIC PRINCIPLE OR SKILL. EACH SEQUENCE WAS USED REPEATEDLY UNTIL THE TESTEE ACHIEVED THE ESTABLISHED LEVEL OF PERFORMANCE. AFTER EACH PRESENTATION OF THE PROBLEM AND FEEDBACK SEQUENCE, THE EXPERIMENTER AND THE TESTEE DISCUSSED THE EXPERIENCE IN PREPARATION FOR THE NEXT EXPERIENCE. THE TESTEE WAS FORCED TO RELY HEAVILY ON THE FEEDBACK SEQUENCES AND THE SUPPORTING REWARDS. THE SEMANTIC DIFFERENTIAL SCALES WERE ADMINISTERED TO ALL ENROLLED. ONE WEEK LATER, AFTER ALL EXPERIMENTAL SUBJECTS HAD SPENT AN HOUR IN THE CLASSROOM SIMULATOR, THE FIRST POST-TEST WAS ADMINISTERED. FOUR WEEKS LATER THE FINAL POST-TEST WAS ADMINISTERED AFTER THE PROBLEM EPISODES HAD BEEN COMPLETED. SCORING WAS ACCOMPLISHED BY RATING EACH BIPOLAR ADJECTIVE SCALE AS ZERO FOR THE MOST POSITIVE MARK AND SIX FOR THE MOST NEGATIVE. POSITIVE ATTITUDES WERE INDICATED BY THE TOTAL SCORES APPROACHING ZERO. THERE WERE NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE TREATMENT GROUPS. FINDINGS WERE NOT SUFFICIENTLY CONCLUSIVE, BUT EXPERIMENT 1 SHOWED A TREND TOWARD POSITIVE CHANGE WHEN USING SIMULATED EXPERIENCES. (HB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Oregon State System of Higher Education, Monmouth. Teaching Research Div.
Identifiers: OREGON; Oregon (Monmouth)