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ERIC Number: ED003218
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Dec
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
DEGREE OF STUDENT CONTROL OVER PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION--LONG-TERM CUMULATIVE EFFECTS ON PROBLEM-SOLVING AND TRANSFER.
CAMPBELL, VINCENT N.; CHAPMAN, MADALYNNE
THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY WAS TO DETERMINE WHETHER GIVING THE LEARNER CONTROL MIGHT SHOW PROGRESSIVE EFFECTS ON LEARNING AND PROBLEM-SOLVING IN A GIVEN SUBJECT MATTER OVER A PERIOD OF SEVERAL MONTHS. ALL FOURTH-GRADE STUDENTS IN 3 ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS AND 2 FIFTH-GRADE CLASSES FROM 1 OF THESE SCHOOLS PROVIDED APPROXIMATELY 200 SUBJECTS. SCHOLASTIC ABILITY WAS A GRADE PLACEMENT SCORE OF 5.5 FOR THE FOURTH-GRADE STUDENTS ON THE CALIFORNIA ACHIEVEMENT TEST (CAT). ON THREE VARIABLES THE STUDENTS WERE MATCHED--(1) MEAN CAT TOTAL READING SCORE, (2) MEAN SCORE ON A SIMPLE GENERAL GEOGRAPHY PRETEST, AND (3) MEAN INTEREST IN GEOGRAPHY BY QUESTIONNAIRE. ONE CLASS WAS DESIGNATED LEARNER CONTROL AND THE OTHER PROGRAM CONTROL. THE TWO TEACHERS ALTERNATED CLASSES ON A WEEKLY BASIS. THE FOUR MATCHED PAIRS OF CLASSES CONSTITUTED FOUR REPLICATIONS OF THE RESEARCH DESIGN. AN 8-MONTH COURSE IN PRINCIPLES OF GLOBAL GEOGRAPHY WAS CHOSEN FOR ITS EMPHASIS ON TRANSFER OF PRINCIPLES AND PROBLEM SOLVING. A DRAFT PROGRAMED INSTRUCTIONAL TEXT WAS USED AND OBJECTIVE AND CRITERION TESTS FORMULATED. THERE WERE MARKED DIFFERENCES IN OVERALL LEVEL OF ACHIEVEMENT AMONG SCHOOLS IN THE PATTERN OF LEARNER CONTROL-PROGRAM CONTROL DIFFERENCES. THERE WAS A MARKED AND CONSISTENT DIFFERENCE BETWEEN LEARNER CONTROLLED AND PROGRAM CONTROLLED GROUPS IN THE FREQUENCY OF HOMEWORK. THE PROGRAM CONTROL GROUP TOOK WORK HOME ABOUT TWICE AS OFTEN DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THE COURSE, AND THE DIFFERENCE DIMINISHED DURING THE LAST HALF. THE CHANGE IN PERFORMANCE ON PRE- AND POST-TESTS OF THE COURSE UNITS WAS NOT SIGNIFICANTLY DIFFERENT. THE FINAL CRITERION TEST RESULTS SHOWED NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE. (HB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: CALIFORNIA; California Achievement Tests; California (Palo Alto)