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ERIC Number: ED003216
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Aug
Pages: 63
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
COMPREHENSION OF COMPRESSED SPEECH BY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN.
WOOD, C. DAVID
THE EFFECTS OF FOUR VARIABLES ON THE EXTENT OF COMPREHENSION OF COMPRESSED SPEECH BY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN WERE INVESTIGATED. THESE VARIABLES WERE RATE OF PRESENTATION, GRADE LEVEL IN SCHOOL, INTELLIGENCE, AND AMOUNT OF PRACTICE. NINETY SUBJECTS PARTICIPATED IN THE EXPERIMENT. THE TASK FOR EACH SUBJECT WAS TO LISTEN INDIVIDUALLY TO 50 TAPE RECORDED SENTENCES. IF THE SUBJECT PERFORMED CORRECTLY TO THE COMMAND PHRASED, THE SENTENCE WAS JUDGED TO HAVE BEEN COMPREHENDED. FIVE SENTENCES WERE PRESENTED AT 10 DIFFERENT SPEEDS (WORDS PER MINUTE). A SPEECH COMPRESSOR WAS USED TO COMPRESS SENTENCES TO THE DESIRED RATES. AN ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE SHOWED THE FOLLOWING EFFECTS TO BE STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT AT THE .05 LEVEL - RATE OF PRESENTATION, GRADE LEVEL, PRACTICE, THE RATE BY PRACTICE INTERACTION, AND THE RATE BY GRADE LEVEL BY PRACTICE INTERACTION. THE INVESTIGATOR STATED THAT EFFECTS ASSOCIATED WITH RATE AND PRACTICE VARIABLES SHOULD BE INTERPRETED CAUTIOUSLY. ALTHOUGH SENTENCES WERE ASSIGNED RANDOMLY TO RATES, THEIR APPARENT HETEROGENEITY IN TERMS OF INHERENT DIFFICULTY MAY EITHER HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO OR OBSCURED THE RELATIONS BETWEEN THE RATE AND PRACTICE VARIABLES AND COMPREHENSION. (WB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington.
Identifiers: INDIANA