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ERIC Number: ED003179
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Aug
Pages: 114
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
AN INVESTIGATION OF PROGRAMING PRINCIPLES AS APPLIED TO THE PRODUCTION AND UTILIZATION OF FILMSTRIPS AND FILMSTRIP-TYPE MATERIALS IN NATURAL SCIENCE.
HALL, KEITH A.; AND OTHERS
A COMPARISON WAS MADE OF THE EFFECTS UPON LEARNING ACHIEVED FROM (1) EXISTING COMMERCIAL FILMSTRIPS, COMBINING VISUALS WITH PRINTED CAPTIONS AND (2) SIMILAR FILMSTRIPS, COVERING THE SAME CONTENT BUT PRESENTED IN SMALL, PREVIOUSLY TESTED SEGMENTS WITH ACTIVE RESPONSE REQUIRED OF THE STUDENT. ALSO, ATTEMPTS WERE MADE TO (1) STUDY THE EFFECTS OF GROUP AND INDIVIDUAL PACING AND (2) MEASURE EFFECTS OF CONFIRMATION OF RESPONSE TO QUESTIONS ASKED DURING PRESENTATION AND COMPARE THE RESULTS WITH RESULTS FROM PRESENTATION WITH NO CONFIRMATION. IN GROUP PRESENTATIONS, THE CAPTIONS WERE READ BOTH VISUALLY AND ORALLY, BUT IN INDIVIDUAL STUDY THE CHILD HAD NO ORAL PRESENTATION. THE STUDY WAS MADE WITH STUDENTS IN GRADES 5, 7, 11, AND 12. RESULTS INDICATED THAT IN ALL GRADES THE PROGRAMED PRESENTATION PRODUCED BETTER POST-TEST SCORES. HOWEVER, NO CONCLUSIONS COULD BE DRAWN CONCERNING RELATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF INDIVIDUAL PRESENTATION AND PACING OR OF GROUP PRESENTATION AND PACING. NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES WERE FOUND THAT WOULD VERIFY EFFECTIVENESS OF CONFIRMATION. (AL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Coll. of Education.
Identifiers: PENNSYLVANIA