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ERIC Number: ED003055
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Sep-30
Pages: 404
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
REINFORCEMENT, A REVIEW OF SELECTED RESEARCH, FINAL REPORT, PART 1.
TRAVERS, ROBERT M.; AND OTHERS
A GENERAL SURVEY OF LITERATURE IN THE AREA OF REINFORCEMENT WAS MADE DURING THIS STUDY. THE REPORT SUMMARIZED RESEARCH WHICH HAS BEEN CONDUCTED BY VARIOUS AUTHORITIES IN THE FIELD. THE SUBJECT OF REINFORCEMENT WAS DIVIDED INTO--(1) THE PROBLEM OF DEFINING REINFORCEMENT, (2) POSITIVE REINFORCING STIMULI, CONSUMABLES, (3) POSITIVE REINFORCING STIMULI, EXTEROCEPTIVE STIMULI, (4) POSITIVE REINFORCING STIMULI, SOCIAL STIMULI, (5) AVERSIVE STIMULI AS REINFORCERS, (6) DRIVE LEVEL IN RELATION TO REINFORCEMENT, (7) TIME CONDITIONS RELATED TO REINFORCEMENT, (8) CHARACTERISTICS OF THE REINFORCING EVENT, AND (9) FEEDBACK AND KNOWLEDGE OF RESULTS AS REINFORCEMENT CONCEPTS. IT WAS FOUND THAT MUCH OF THE RESEARCH LITERATURE WAS OBTAINED FROM THE STUDY OF VARIOUS STRAINS OF LABORATORY RATS. THE COMPILERS OF THIS SURVEY HAVE STRESSED CAUTION IN GENERALIZING ANY OF THE FINDINGS WITH PARALLELS IN HUMAN BEHAVIOR, INASMUCH AS MOST OF THE RESEARCH HAS BEEN REMOTE FROM THE PROBLEMS OF ORGANIZING LEARNING IN SCHOOLS. (WB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Utah Univ., Salt Lake City. Bureau of Educational Research.
Identifiers: UTAH; Utah (Salt Lake City)