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ERIC Number: ED003003
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1961
Pages: 46
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
COMPREHENSION OF RAPID SPEECH BY THE BLIND, PART 1.
BIXLER, RAY H.; AND OTHERS
READING COMPREHENSION OF BLIND CHILDREN READING BRAILLE SELECTIONS WAS COMPARED WITH COMPREHENSION OF BLIND CHILDREN WHO HEARD THE SAME SELECTIONS AT VARIED RATES. CHANGES IN WORD RATES WERE ACCOMPLISHED WITH SPEECH COMPRESSION TECHNIQUES. APPROXIMATELY 290 BRAILLE READERS OF BOTH SEXES FROM SIXTH-, SEVENTH-, AND EIGHTH-GRADE RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS FOR THE BLIND WERE SUBJECTS FOR THE STUDY. ATYPICAL (NEWLY ENROLLED OR NEWLY BLINDED) SUBJECTS WERE EXCLUDED FROM THE SAMPLE. SUBJECTS WERE RANDOMLY DIVIDED INTO SEVEN GROUPS. ONE GROUP READ TWO BRAILLE SELECTIONS. ONE GROUP WAS USED AS A CONTROL FOR PRIOR LEARNING. SEPARATE GROUPS OF SUBJECTS LISTENED TO THE SELECTIONS PRESENTED AT ASSIGNED WORD-PER-MINUTE RATES (175, 225, 275, 325, 375). THE SELECTIONS PRESENTED INCLUDED A SCIENTIFIC AND A LITERARY PASSAGE FROM CONTROLLED SEVENTH-GRADE TEXTS. SUBJECTS LISTENING TO WORDS AT ACCELERATED RATES WERE GIVEN INITIAL AND CONTROLLED PRACTICE. ALL SUBJECTS WERE TESTED WITH HIGHLY RELIABLE BRAILLE MULTIPLE CHOICE TESTS. DATA WERE TREATED BY ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE. INTERACTIONS AMONG THE TYPES AND MODES OF PRESENTATION WERE SIGNIFICANT. BRAILLE READERS INDICATED NO SIGNIFICANT LOSS OF LITERARY COMPREHENSION THROUGH 225 WORDS-PER-MINUTE AT THE 1 PERCENT LEVEL. THERE WAS NO SIGNIFICANT LOSS OF SCIENTIFIC COMPREHENSION THROUGH 275 WORDS-PER-MINUTE. (WN)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Louisville Univ., KY.
Identifiers: KENTUCKY; Kentucky (Louisville)