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ERIC Number: ED002971
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1959-Nov
Pages: 42
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EFFECT OF TELEVISION INSTRUCTION ON INDIVIDUAL LEARNING CURVES.
STAKE, ROBERT E.
THIS RESEARCH WAS DESIGNED TO TEST THE HYPOTHESIS THAT THERE IS NO DIFFERENCE BETWEEN FORMAL LEARNING CURVES OF STUDENTS TAUGHT SPANISH IN A TELEVISION-CORRESPONDENCE COURSE AND THOSE TAUGHT SPANISH IN THE CONVENTIONAL MANNER. AN EXPERIMENTAL GROUP OF OVER 20 STUDENTS IN 5 SMALL HIGH SCHOOLS WAS GIVEN INSTRUCTION IN SPANISH FOR 1 YEAR, ENTIRELY BY OPEN CIRCUIT TELEVISION. THREE CONTROL GROUPS (TAUGHT SPANISH IN THE CONVENTIONAL MANNER) WERE FORMED AS FOLLOWS--(1) OVER 30 STUDENTS FROM 3 SMALL HIGH SCHOOLS, (2) ABOUT 100 STUDENTS FROM A LARGE HIGH SCHOOL IN A PARTIALLY SPANISH-SPEAKING COMMUNITY, AND (3) APPROXIMATELY 15 STUDENTS IN A COLLEGE CLASS. ALL GROUPS RECEIVED THE SAME INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAM, A 1-YEAR ELEMENTARY SPANISH COURSE. THE VOCABULARY ABILITY OF EACH GROUP WAS ASSESSED EVERY 2 WEEKS WITH A 15-MINUTE QUIZ. LEARNING CURVES WERE GENERATED ANALYTICALLY, USING A MODIFIED RATIONAL GYPERBOLA MODEL, BASED ON THE QUIZ RESULTS. SIGNIFICANT GROUP DIFFERENCES WERE NOTED WITH REGARD TO LEVEL OF ACHIEVEMENT. AT THE BEGINNING OF THE PROJECT, THE LARGE CONTROL GROUP WAS MORE PROFICIENT THAN EITHER THE SMALL SCHOOL CONTROL OR EXPERIMENTAL GROUPS (WHICH WERE ABOUT THE SAME). BY THE END OF THE FIRST SEMESTER OF WORK, THE SMALL HIGH SCHOOL CONTROL GROUP HAD PASSED THE LARGE SCHOOL CONTROL GROUP, BUT THE EXPERIMENTAL SUBJECTS WERE SIGNIFICANTLY BEHIND BOTH. THESE FIRST SEMESTER DIFFERENCES WERE MAGNIFIED EVEN MORE AT THE END OF THE SCHOOL YEAR. THE SIGNIFICANTLY POORER ACHIEVEMENT BY THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP WAS BRIEFLY ASSESSED TO DETERMINE PROBABLE CAUSES. IT WAS APPARENT THAT MORE STUDY WAS NEEDED IN ORDER TO ESTABLISH A PROPER ROLE FOR EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Nebraska Univ., Lincoln.
Identifiers: NEBRASKA