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ERIC Number: ED002958
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 228
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE NATURE OF ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS AND SOME CONDITIONS IN THE CLASSROOM WHICH FACILITATE OR RETARD THESE COGNITIVE PROCESSES--PART ONE, SOME CONDITIONS WHICH AFFECT COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR.
ROKEACH, MILTON; AND OTHERS
COLLEGE CLASSROOM CONDITIONS WHICH ADVANCE OR IMPEDE STUDENT ABILITY IN COGNITIVE ANALYSIS AND/OR SYNTHESIS BY THOUGHT AND PERCEPTION WERE EXPLORED. TWO BASIC COMPARISONS WERE MADE--(1) INDIVIDUAL VERSUS GROUP MEMORIZATION AND PROBLEM SOLVING USING POOLING-OF-ABILITIES MODELS AND (2) THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PROGRAMS VERSUS CONVENTIONAL INSTRUCTIONAL METHODS ON LEARNING AND PROBLEM SOLVING. IN THE FIRST INSTANCE THE MODEL TESTED HYPOTHESIZED THAT THE PROBABILITY OF A GROUP SOLVING A PROBLEM WAS GREATER THAN FOR AN INDIVIDUAL AND THAT GROUP SUPERIORITY IS NOT NECESSARILY THE RESULT OF ANY FACILITATIVE QUALITIES OF THE GROUP. STUDENT GROUPS OF TWO AND THREE PARTICIPANTS, AS WELL AS INDIVIDUALS WERE TESTED USING AS THE TASKS--(1) THE RECALL OF NONSENSE WORDS, AND (2) THE JOE DOODLEBUG PROBLEM (THE RECALL OF THE FUNCTIONING AND MOVEMENT OF AN IMAGINARY BUG). GROUPS OF TWO PERFORMED BETTER ON THE FIRST PROBLEM, WHILE GROUPS OF THREE EXCELLED ON THE SECOND. IN BOTH EXPERIMENTS THERE WAS NO INDICATION OF GROUP FACILITATION, AND SOME INTERFERENCE WAS APPARENT IN ALL GROUP PERFORMANCES. THESE DATA, THEREFORE, COULD NOT BE USED TO REJECT THE HYPOTHESIS OF THE EXPERIMENTAL MATHEMATICAL MODEL. THE DOODLEBUG PROBLEM WAS USED AGAIN TO TEST THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PROGRAMED AND TRADITIONAL INSTRUCTION. THE SUBJECTS PARTICIPATING IN THE TESTS WERE INTRODUCTORY PSYCHOLOGY STUDENTS IN COLLEGE AND EIGHTH-GRADE STUDENTS FROM TWO JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS. IN GENERAL, TRADITIONAL SUBJECTS SHOWED BETTER LEARNING RESULTS AT BOTH GRADE LEVELS, PARTICULARLY FOR STUDENTS WHO WERE GIFTED. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing.
Identifiers: DENNY DOODLEBUG PROBLEM; MICHIGAN; Michigan (East Lansing)