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ERIC Number: ED002945
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962
Pages: 116
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
INDUCTIVE CONCEPT FORMATION IN NORMAL AND RETARDED SUBJECTS.
ELAM, CLAUDE B.
CONCEPT FORMATION--AS IT IS AFFECTED BY SUBJECTS (NORMAL AND RETARDED), PROBLEMS (SIMULTANEOUS, SUCCESSIVE, AND SIMILARITY-DIFFERENCE), RESPONSES (MANUAL AND VERBAL), REINFORCEMENT (100 PERCENT AND PARTIAL REINFORCEMENT), AND STIMULI--WAS INVESTIGATED. ELEVEN SEPARATE EXPERIMENTS ARE DESCRIBED. IT WAS FOUND THAT--(1) CONCEPT ATTAINMENT IS FACILITATED BY THE VERBAL RESPONSE. (2) TWO CONCEPTS CAN DEVELOP SIMULTANEOUSLY. (3) CONCEPT OF RACE IS MORE EASILY UTILIZED THAN AGE OR SEX. (4) AMOUNT OF REINFORCEMENT PROCEDURE FAVORS NORMAL SUBJECTS WHILE PROBABILITY OF REINFORCEMENT PROCECURE FAVORS RETARDED SUBJECTS. (5) STIMULUS SYNTHESIS CAN BE DESCRIBED AS PROPORTIONAL TO THE STRENGTH OF THE VARIOUS CUES GIVEN. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Texas Christian Univ., Fort Worth.
Identifiers: TEXAS; Texas (Fort Worth)