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ERIC Number: ED002943
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962-Jan-31
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
INTERPERSONAL PERCEPTION--THE EFFECT OF TRAINING IN PERCEPTUAL THEORY, OBSERVATION AND ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR UPON ACCURACY OF PREDICTION OF CHILDREN'S SELF-REPORTS.
GORDON, IRA J.; SPEARS, WILLIAM D.
THE PURPOSE WAS TO SUBSTANTIATE THE HYPOTHESIS THAT TRAINING COLLEGE STUDENTS IN SELF-PERCEPTUAL THEORY, IN OBSERVING CHILD BEHAVIOR, AND IN ANALYZING BEHAVIOR FROM A PERCEPTUAL ORIENTATION INCREASES THEIR ABILITY TO INFER FROM THE BEHAVIOR RECORDS OF A CHILD HIS STATEMENTS ABOUT HIMSELF. THREE GROUPS OF SUBJECTS, ONE EXPERIMENTAL AND TWO CONTROLS, PARTICIPATED, MAKING UP A TOTAL SAMPLE OF ABOUT 230 STUDENTS. APPROXIMATELY 70 OF THESE (ASSIGNED TO THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP) RECEIVED ADVANCED TRAINING IN A HUMAN DEVELOPMENT COURSE WHICH EMPHASIZED THE COMBINATION OF PERCEPTUAL THEORY AND ANALYSIS. EACH GROUP WAS GIVEN A PRE- AND POST-TEST TO MEASURE ITS ABILITY TO INFER SELF-PERCEPTIONS OF A CHILD IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROCEDURE DESCRIBED IN THE PROJECT HYPOTHESIS. CORRELATIONS WERE COMPUTED FOR ALL STUDENT RESPONSES, AND AN ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE DESIGN WAS USED TO TEST THE EFFECT OF TRAINING UPON ABILITY TO INFER. THE STUDY HYPOTHESIS WAS NOT SUBSTANTIATED BY THE RESULTS. THE PROJECT, HOWEVER, DID LEAD TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF TWO INSTRUMENTS WHICH RELIABLY DETECTED INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN ABILITY TO INFER SELF-REPORTS FROM THE MIMEOGRAPHED OBSERVATIONAL DATA. THUS, FOR THE PURPOSE OF FURTHER RESEARCH, THE NEED FOR A SHIFT IN APPROACH WAS IMPLIED--FROM THE ASPECT OF INTENSIVE GROUP TRAINING TO THE POINT OF CONCENTRATING EFFORT ON THE INDIVIDUAL PERCEIVER OR INFERRER OF BEHAVIOR AND CHILD'S SELF. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Florida Univ., Gainesville.
Identifiers: FLORIDA; Florida (Gainesville)