NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED002908
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962-Aug
Pages: 137
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF A SPEECH IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM FOR KINDERGARTEN AND FIRST-GRADE CHILDREN.
BYRNE, MARGARET C.
A SPECIFIC APPROACH TO SPEECH LEARNING AND DEVELOPMENT WAS DESIGNED AND TESTED USING 56 EXPERIMENTAL AND CONTROL GROUP CLASSES OF VERY YOUNG CHILDREN IN KINDERGARTEN AND THE FIRST GRADE. AUDITORY DISCRIMINATION, ARTICULATION, AND READING AND SPELLING SKILLS WERE EMPHASIZED. ALTHOUGH ACTUAL SPEECH TRAINING WAS PROVIDED FOR ONLY 1 YEAR, THE PROGRESS OF EACH SUBJECT WAS FOLLOWED FOR A 3-YEAR PERIOD. INFORMATION FOR COMPARING THE TWO GROUPS WAS OBTAINED FROM TESTS ADMINISTERED BY THE CLASSROOM TEACHERS OR BY SPEECH CLINICIANS. SEVERAL STATISTICAL PROCEDURES WERE USED IN ANALYZING THE COLLECTED DATA. THE FIRST-GRADE AND OLDER KINDERGARTEN EXPERIMENTAL CLASSES HAD SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER ARTICULATION SCORES AT THE END OF TRAINING THAN THOSE THAT DID NOT RECEIVE THE PROGRAM, AND THIS CONTINUED UNTIL THE END OF THE SECOND YEAR OF EXAMINATION WHEN BOTH GROUPS WERE SIMILAR. ON DISCRIMINATION, THE EXPERIMENTAL KINDERGARTEN GROUP HAD LOWER ERROR SCORES ONLY AT TERMINATION OF TRAINING. AT THE FIRST-GRADE LEVEL THERE WERE NO SIGNIFICANT DISCRIMINATION DIFFERENCES AT ANY EVALUATION PERIOD. THE EFFECTS OF THE PROGRAM ON READING AND SPELLING WERE POSITIVE. THIS PROJECT APPEARED TO BE PARTICULARLY HELPFUL FOR SELF-CORRECTION IN SPEECH AT THE KINDERGARTEN LEVEL AND FOR INCREASING TEACHER INSIGHT INTO EARLY SPEECH PROBLEMS. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Kansas Univ., Lawrence. Speech and Hearing Clinic.
Identifiers: KANSAS