NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED002903
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962
Pages: 339
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CRITICAL THINKING, ATTITUDES, AND VALUES IN HIGHER EDUCATION.
DRESSEL, PAUL L.; LEHMANN, IRVIN J.
A LONGITUDINAL STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE STUDENT CHANGE IN CRITICAL THINKING ABILITY, ATTITUDES IN STEREOTYPY, AND VALUE ORIENTATION WHILE IN AN INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION. CHANGES THAT OCCURRED WITH RESPECT TO THESE THREE CHARACTERISTICS WERE EXAMINED FROM 1 YEAR TO THE NEXT FOR 4 YEARS. STUDENT BACKGROUNDS, SUBJECT INTERESTS, SCHOLASTIC PERFORMANCE, AND PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS WERE ALSO CONSIDERED IN THE STATISTICAL CORRELATIONS OBTAINED. ABOUT 2,750 MALE AND FEMALE STUDENTS COMPRISED THE SAMPLE POPULATION. AN INITIAL STATUS WITH RESPECT TO INDIVIDUAL CHARACTERISTICS LISTED ABOVE WAS FIRST DETERMINED FOR EACH PARTICIPANT AT THE BEGINNING OF HIS FRESHMAN YEAR. COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE MEASUREMENTS WERE MADE DURING EACH OF THE FOLLOWING 3 YEARS TO DETERMINE ANY DIFFERENCE IN SOCIO-CULTURAL-EDUCATIONAL-CURRICULAR DEVELOPMENTS. ALL STATISTICAL DIFFERENCES WERE EXAMINED THROUGH VARIANCE AND COVARIANCE ANALYSES. THE MANY FINDINGS SUGGESTED THAT COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES NEED TO ADOPT COMPREHENSIVE GUIDANCE PROGRAMS WHICH WOULD HELP STUDENTS TOWARD FREQUENT SELF-EVALUATION AND SELF-APPRAISAL. THEY COULD THUS BECOME MORE OBJECTIVE, SCIENTIFIC, AND RATIONAL IN THEIR APPROACH TO SOLUTIONS OF THEIR PROBLEMS. THIS WOULD ENCOURAGE INTERNAL INITIATION OF CHANGE WHEN NECESSARY, AND WOULD DECREASE THE EMPHASIS ON EXTERNAL INDOCTRINATION. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing.
Identifiers: MICHIGAN; Michigan (East Lansing)