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ERIC Number: ED002890
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1959-Oct-31
Pages: 672
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A SOCIOPSYCHOLOGICAL STUDY OF CONFORMING AND DEVIATING BEHAVIOR AMONG ADOLESCENTS.
REISS, ALBERT J., JR.; RHODES, ALBERT L.
DESCRIPTION AND ANALYSIS OF ADOLESCENT STUDENTS AND THE FACTORS UNDERLYING CONFORMITY-PERFORMANCE-DEVIANT BEHAVIOR WERE ATTEMPTED, AND A PREDICTIVE MEASURE OF NONCONFORMITY WAS FORMULATED. A QUESTIONNAIRE WAS DEVELOPED TO MEASURE ATTITUDES OF ADOLESCENTS TOWARD THE MAJOR VALUE AREAS OF AMERICAN CULTURES, ADOLESCENT PERCEPTIONS OF SOCIAL CONTROLS, AND SELF-RATINGS OF BEHAVIOR. IT WAS ADMINISTERED TO 22,000 CHILDREN IN THE SEVENTH THROUGH NINTH GRADES IN THE PUBLIC, PRIVATE, AND PAROCHIAL SCHOOLS OF 1 COUNTY IN IOWA. A SAMPLE OF MORE THAN 1,000 BOYS WAS SELECTED AND INTERVIEWED TO OBTAIN THEIR VIEWS ON SOCIAL CONTROLS, AND CASE HISTORIES WERE OBTAINED. THE 2 CLOSEST FRIENDS OF EACH OF 300 MEMBERS OF A STRUCTURED PROBABILITY SAMPLE WERE THEN INTERVIEWED TO OBTAIN DATA ON PEER-GROUP RELATIONSHIPS. JUVENILE COURT RECORDS PROVIDED INFORMATION ON DEVIANT BEHAVIOR OF ALL MEMBERS OF THE TOTAL SAMPLE, AND SCHOOL AUTHORITIES GAVE INFORMATION ON STUDENTS WHO EITHER PRESENTED ATTENDANCE PROBLEMS OR WITHDREW FROM SCHOOL. CONSIDERABLE DIFFERENTIATION EXISTS WITHIN THE POPULATION WITH RESPECT TO CONFORMITY AND DEVIATION RELATIVE TO SOCIAL NORMS. NEITHER THE CONFORMERS TO, NOR THE DEVIATORS FROM, ANY NORM OR SET OF SOCIAL NORMS SHOULD BE SEEN AS A HOMOGENEOUS ENTITY FOR PURPOSES OF CAUSAL ANALYSIS. THE TYPES OF CONFORMERS AND DEVIATORS IDENTIFIED IN THIS STUDY MIGHT SERVE AS A BASIS FOR FURTHER INVESTIGATION. (JL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Iowa Univ., Iowa City.
Identifiers: IOWA; Iowa (Iowa City)