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ERIC Number: ED002887
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1960
Pages: 37
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EFFECTS AND INTERACTIONS OF AUDITORY AND VISUAL CUES IN ORAL COMMUNICATION.
KEYS, JOHN W.; AND OTHERS
VISUAL AND AUDITORY CUES WERE TESTED, SEPARATELY AND JOINTLY, TO DETERMINE THE DEGREE OF THEIR CONTRIBUTION TO IMPROVING OVERALL SPEECH SKILLS OF THE AURALLY HANDICAPPED. EIGHT SOUND INTENSITY LEVELS (FROM 6 TO 15 DECIBELS) WERE USED IN PRESENTING PHONETICALLY BALANCED WORD LISTS AND MULTIPLE-CHOICE INTELLIGIBILITY LISTS TO A SAMPLE OF 24 SUBJECTS. THE SUBJECTS WERE DIVIDED EQUALLY INTO THREE GROUPS--(1) THOSE WITH NORMAL HEARING, (2) THOSE WITH RELATIVELY "FLAT" HEARING LOSS, AND (3) THOSE WITH "DROPPING" OR "SLOPING" HEARING LOSS. SCORES, CONSISTING OF THE NUMBER OF CORRECT RESPONSES, WERE OBTAINED WITH AUDITORY AND VISUAL CUES, ALONE AND THROUGH AN INTERACTION OF BOTH AS A FUNCTION OF DISCRETE INTENSITY INCREASE. ANALYSIS OF THE VARIOUS EFFECTS AND INTERACTIONS WAS CONDUCTED THROUGH THE USE OF VARIANCE TECHNIQUES. THE ABILITY TO INTERPRET CORRECTLY SPOKEN LANGUAGE WITH THE BISENSORY APPROACH GREATLY EXCEEDED THAT YIELDED BY EITHER AUDITION OR VISION IN ISOLATION. FUTURE ATTEMPTS TO REHABILITATE AN INDIVIDUAL WHOSE HEARING IS IMPAIRED THROUGH LIPREADING INSTRUCTION AND AUDITORY TRAINING SHOULD THUS COMBINE THESE TWO TYPES OF TRAINING INTO A UNIFIED INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAM. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Oklahoma Univ. Research Inst., Norman.
Identifiers: Oklahoma