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ERIC Number: ED002826
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1961
Pages: 67
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
GUIDANCE AND ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CLIMATE.
MILLER, MARIAN B.
THIS STUDY WAS DESIGNED TO EVALUATE THE DEVELOPMENTAL PROGRESS OF CHILDREN IN AN UNGRADED PRIMARY SCHOOL PROGRAM. THE EXPERIMENTAL SUBJECTS WERE SIX GROUPS OF CHILDREN WHO WERE COMPARED WITH STUDENTS IN THE SAME SCHOOL OPERATING IN A TRADITIONAL GRADED SYSTEM. DATA WERE GATHERED THROUGH (1) TEACHER OBSERVATION OF PUPIL HEALTH AND BEHAVIOR SYMPTONS, (2) PUPILS MATURATION BASED ON PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS AND X-RAYS, (3) TESTS ON INTELLIGENCE, ACHIEVEMENT, APTITUDES, AND INTERESTS, AND (4) CASE CONFERENCES WITH PARENTS AND TEACHERS. THE CONCLUSIONS DRAWN IN ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT WERE--(1) ARITHMETIC WAS SIGNIFICANTLY BETTER IN CONVENTIONALLY GRADED SCHOOLS, (2) THERE WAS NO DIFFERENCE IN SPELLING, (3) BOTH GROUPS ACQUIRED THE SAME AMOUNT OF GENERAL INFORMATION, AND (4) WORD FLUENCY WAS SUPERIOR IN THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP. THE DATA WERE NOT EXTENSIVE, BUT THERE WAS EVIDENCE TO SUPPORT THE HYPOTHESIS THAT THE SCHOOL CLIMATE WHICH IS GUIDANCE ORIENTED AND DOES NOT HAVE ARTIFICIALLY IMPOSED GRADE NORMS TENDS TO PRODUCE STUDENTS WHO HAVE A MORE REALISTIC CONCEPT OF THEIR OWN CAPABILITY IN SCHOOL-ASSOCIATED TASKS. (GC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Delaware State Dept. of Public Instruction, Dover.
Identifiers: DELAWARE; DOVER