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ERIC Number: ED002813
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1960-Sep
Pages: 160
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
MOTIVATIONS OF YOUTH FOR LEAVING SCHOOL.
BOWMAN, PAUL H.; MATTHEWS, CHARLES V.
THE OBJECTIVES OF THIS STUDY WERE (1) TO IDENTIFY THE CHARACTERISTICS OF SCHOOL DROPOUTS AS CONTRASTED WITH THOSE WHO STAYED IN SCHOOL, (2) TO INVESTIGATE EXPERIENCES WHICH LED TO LEAVING SCHOOL, (3) TO DETERMINE THE PERCEPTIONS OF SCHOOL-LEAVERS REGARDING THEIR SCHOOL EXPERIENCES, AND (4) TO INVESTIGATE WHAT SCHOOL-LEAVERS DID AFTER THEY LEFT SCHOOL AND HOW SUCCESSFUL THEIR ADJUSTMENT WAS TO THE ADULT WORLD. DROPOUTS WERE DIVIDED INTO EARLY, MIDDLE, AND LATE GROUPS AND COMPARED USING INTELLECTUAL, SOCIAL STATUS, AND PERSONAL AND SOCIAL ADJUSTMENT MEASURES. ALTHOUGH THERE WAS A CONSISTENT TREND INDICATING THAT THE EARLY DROPOUTS WERE OF LOWER INTELLIGENCE, LOWER SOCIAL STATUS, AND INFERIOR PERSONAL AND SOCIAL ADJUSTMENT, THE ONLY DIFFERENCE FOUND TO BE STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT AT BETTER THAN THE 5-PERCENT LEVEL WAS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EARLY MALE DROPOUTS AND ALL LATE DROPOUTS ON SOCIAL STATUS. REASONS GIVEN BY DROPOUTS WERE THAT THEY DID NOT SEE EDUCATION AS A MEANS TO PRACTICAL ENDS, THAT THEY DID NOT VALUE EDUCATION IN ITSELF, AND THAT THEY FELT REJECTED BY AND REJECTED THE SCHOOL. IN CONTRAST THE CONTROL STUDENTS VALUED EDUCATION AS "GOOD IN ITSELF" AND AS THE ONLY PATHWAY TO VOCATIONAL SUCCESS. THE DROPOUTS ALSO REPORTED THAT A MAJORITY OF THEIR PARENTS WERE EITHER INDIFFERENT TO OR TOOK NO ACTIVE INTEREST IN THEIR CONTINUING IN SCHOOL. THE PARENTS OF THE CONTROL STUDENTS WERE ACTIVELY INTERESTED IN THEIR CHILDREN STAYING IN SCHOOL. THE STUDY RECOMMENDS INCREASED SCHOOL GUIDANCE AND BETTER GROUPING OF STUDENTS (JL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Chicago Univ., IL.
Identifiers: ILLINOIS; Illinois (Chicago)