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ERIC Number: ED002778
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1960-Jun
Pages: 171
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CONDITIONS INFLUENCING INSIGHT AND PROBLEM-SOLVING BEHAVIOR IN THE MENTALLY RETARDED.
JENSEN, KAI
THE MAJOR OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY ARE--(1) TO SECURE A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THE CONDITIONS INFLUENCING INSIGHT AND PROBLEM-SOLVING BEHAVIOR IN VARIOUS TYPES OF THE MENTALLY RETARDED, (2) TO DEVELOP AND EVALUATE TECHNIQUES, INSTRUMENTS, AND PROCEDURES SUITABLE FOR THE STUDY OF INSIGHT AND PROBLEM-SOLVING BEHAVIOR IN VARIOUS TYPES OF MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN, (3) TO ASCERTAIN THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INSIGHT AND PROBLEM-SOLVING BEHAVIOR AND RETENTION IN THE MENTALLY RETARDED, (4) AND TO COMPARE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF VARIOUS LEARNING PROCEDURES FOR THE MENTALLY RETARDED. THE FIRST STEP IN CONDUCTING THIS STUDY WAS TO IDENTIFY THE CATEGORIES OF PROBLEM SOLVING WHICH OFFER THE GREATEST PROMISE FOR MEASURING THE INSIGHT BEHAVIOR AND FOR DETERMINING THE CONDITIONS WHICH INFLUENCE THE INSIGHT AND PROBLEM-SOLVING LEARNING OF MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN. AFTER THIS RANGE OF INSIGHT SITUATIONS HAD BEEN IDENTIFIED, THE STUDY SELECTED TEST INSTRUMENTS AND SITUATIONS. THESE INSTRUMENTS WERE REFINED AND THEN USED TO IDENTIFY CIRCUMSTANCES, PROCEDURES, AND TECHNIQUES THAT ARE RELATED TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF INSIGHT. THE SUBJECTS OF THE STUDY WERE CHILDREN OF DIFFERENT AGES AND MENTAL ABILITY LEVELS. IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT TRAINING FOR THE MORE SEVERELY MENTALLY IMPAIRED MIGHT BE CONCENTRATED ON MANIPULATION OF THE INTENSITY-BRIGHTNESS AND THE PERIPHERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF TRAINING MATERIALS. IF MENTAL RETARDATES ARE PREDISPOSED TO STRONGEST REACTIVITY VIA THOSE PARTICULAR CHANNELS, THE CONCLUSION WOULD SEEM TO FOLLOW THAT EFFICIENT TRAINING SHOULD UTILIZE THIS PREDISPOSITION. THE FINAL SECTION OF THIS REPORT OFFERED SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH. (GC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. School of Education.
Identifiers: MADISON; WISCONSIN