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ERIC Number: ED002759
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1958
Pages: 50
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE REASONING METHODS AND REASONING ABILITY IN NORMAL AND MENTALLY RETARDED GIRLS AND THE REASONING ABILITY OF NORMAL AND MENTALLY RETARDED BOYS AND GIRLS.
CAPOBIANCO, RUDOLPH J.; AND OTHERS
A STUDY WAS MADE TO ESTABLISH AND ANALYZE THE METHODS OF SOLVING INDUCTIVE REASONING PROBLEMS BY MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN. THE MAJOR OBJECTIVES WERE--(1) TO EXPLORE AND DESCRIBE REASONING IN MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN, (2) TO COMPARE THEIR METHODS WITH THOSE UTILIZED BY NORMAL CHILDREN OF APPROXIMATELY THE SAME MENTAL AGE, (3) TO EXPLORE THE INFLUENCE OF LEVELS OF ABSTRACTNESS ON REASONING ABILITY IN THE MENTALLY RETARDED, (4) TO COMPARE THESE RESULTS WITH THOSE OBTAINED ON NORMAL CHILDREN OF SIMILAR AGE LEVELS, AND (5) TO DETERMINE THE DIFFERENCES IN REASONING ABILITIES BETWEEN MALE AND FEMALE MENTAL RETARDATES. A GROUP OF 50 EDUCABLE MENTALLY HANDICAPPED SUBJECTS RANGING IN MENTAL AGE FROM 8 TO 11 YEARS WERE SELECTED FROM THE POPULATION OF SYRACUSE STATE SCHOOL, OMITTING CHILDREN WITH GROSS PHYSICAL OR EMOTIONAL HANDICAPS. COMPARABLE GROUPS OF MENTALLY NORMAL CHILDREN WITH APPROXIMATELY THE SAME MENTAL AGE LEVELS WERE SELECTED FROM THE PUBLIC SCHOOL POPULATION. EXPERIMENTAL AND CONTROL GROUPS WERE ADMINISTERED A SERIES OF THREE REASONING TESTS. ADDITIONAL DATA WERE COLLECTED BY THE DETERMINATION OF THE TYPES OF PROBLEM-SOLVING TECHNIQUES UTILIZED BY THE SUBJECTS. DATA WERE EVALUATED BY AN ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE. QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS WAS MADE IN TERMS OF THE METHODOLOGIES USED BY THE SUBJECTS IN REASONING TESTS. IN THE COMPARISON OF REASONING ABILITY THE TOTAL NORMAL AND RETARDED GROUPS DID NOT DIFFER SIGNIFICANTLY IN REGARD TO THEIR MENTAL AGE. SOME DIFFERENCES WERE FOUND WHEN AN ANALYSIS WAS MADE OF THE SUBGROUPS OF BOYS AND GIRLS. THE RETARDED BOYS SCORED LOWER THAN THE NORMAL BOYS BUT FOR THE NORMAL AND RETARDED GIRLS NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES WERE FOUND. (AH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Syracuse Univ., NY. Research Inst.
Identifiers: NEW YORK; New York (Syracuse); Sorting Test (Chambers); SRA Primary Mental Abilities Test