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ERIC Number: ED002757
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1958-Jun-30
Pages: 67
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
AN INVESTIGATION OF DISCRIMINATION LEARNING ABILITY IN MONGOLOID AND NORMAL CHILDREN OF COMPARABLE MENTAL AGE.
CANTOR, GORDON N.; GIRARDEAU, FREDERIC L.
THIS INQUIRY INVESTIGATED DISCRIMINATION LEARNING PROCESSES IN TRAINABLE MONGOLOID CHILDREN AS COMPARED WITH NORMAL PRESCHOOL CHILDREN. ITS PURPOSE WAS TO CONTRIBUTE TO GENERAL BEHAVIOR THEORY AND TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF MENTAL DEFICIENCY BY SEEING IF SUCH VARIABLES AS TRANSFER OF TRAINING, ACQUIRED DISTINCTIVENESS OF CUES, AND ACQUIRED EQUIVALENCE OF CUES KNOWN TO FACILITATE OR HARM LEARNING WOULD OPERATE IN A SIMILAR MANNER WITH NORMAL CHILDREN AND MONGOLOID DEFECTIVES. FOUR INDIVIDUAL STUDIES WERE CARRIED ON. THE FIRST EXPERIMENT WAS CONCERNED WITH THE ABILITY OF THE TWO GROUPS TO MAKE A RHYTHMIC DISCRIMINATION. THE SUBJECTS WERE ASKED TO DISTINGUISH BETWEEN PATTERNS PRODUCED BY METRONOMES BEATING AT TWO DIFFERENT SPEEDS. IN ADDITION, HALF THE SUBJECTS IN EACH GROUP WERE REQUIRED TO DUPLICATE THE PATTERNS, SO THAT THE EFFECTS OF THE RESULTING KINESTHETIC CUES COULD BE STUDIED. A SECOND EXPERIMENT INVOLVED THE ROLE OF "ATTENTION SETS" IN THE LEARNING OF A SIMPLE BUTTON PRESSING TASK. THE REMAINING STUDIES WERE CONCERNED WITH SIMILAR LEARNING PROBLEMS, WITH PARTICULAR ATTENTION BEING PAID TO THE ROLE OF "DISCRIMINATION SETS" AND VERBAL MEDIATION PROCESSES. BEHAVIORAL VARIABILITY WAS NOT NOTICEABLE IN THE INSTITUTIONALIZED MONGOLOIDS. THE STEREOTYPE OF A DOCILE, COMPLIANT, WELL-BEHAVED INDIVIDUAL DID NOT HOLD UP AMONG THE SPECIAL CLASS MONGOLOIDS. WHILE SOME OF THESE LATTER DID INDEED APPEAR TO CONFORM TO THIS EXPECTED PATTERN, OTHERS EVIDENCED BEHAVIOR WHICH COULD BE DESCRIBED AS HYPERACTIVE, HOSTILE, AND REBELLIOUS. THE COMPLEXITIES INTRODUCED INDICATED THAT IT WOULD BE WORTHWHILE TO CONTINUE THE UTILIZATION OF THIS COMPARATIVE APPROACH. (GC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: George Peabody Coll. for Teachers, Nashville, TN.
Identifiers: TENNESSEE; Tennessee (Nashville)