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ERIC Number: ED002739
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1960-Jun
Pages: 123
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE NATIONAL PROGRAM IN THE USE OF TELEVISION IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS--A REPORT ON THE SECOND YEAR 1958-59.
Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Fund for the Advancement of Education, New York, NY.
THE NATIONAL PROGRAM IN THE USE OF TELEVISION IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS WAS AN EFFORT TO DETERMINE THE FEASIBILITY OF USING TELEVISED INSTRUCTION AS A MAJOR RESOURCE IN THE TEACHING OF LARGE CLASSES. IT WAS ALSO CONCERNED WITH--THE KIND AND AMOUNT OF OTHER SERVICES NEEDED TO SET UP OPTIMUM CONDITIONS FOR LEARNING, SCHEDULING AND SCHOOL BUILDING PROBLEMS INVOLVED, THE BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS OF SAVINGS IN TIME, SPACE, AND OTHER COSTS, THE BEST WAYS TO DEVELOP TEACHER TALENT FOR TELEVISION AND FOR LARGE CLASS SITUATIONS, AND HOW TO DEVELOP THE BEST POSSIBLE TELEVISED PROGRAMS. NEARLY 40,000 STUDENTS IN MORE THAN 200 ELEMENTARY, JUNIOR HIGH, AND HIGH SCHOOLS, RECEIVED PART OF THEIR DAILY INSTRUCTION OVER TELEVISION IN LARGE CLASSES DURING THE FIRST YEAR OF THE EXPERIMENT. PROCEDURES AND RESULTS ARE DESCRIBED, BUT THE EMPHASIS OF THE REPORT IS ON THE 2D YEAR, DURING WHICH ALL OF THE PARTICIPATING SCHOOLS EXCEPT ONE CONTINUED IN THE PROGRAM AND MOST OF THEM EXPANDED THEIR PARTICIPATION. NEW SUBJECTS WERE ADDED TO THE LIST OF TELEVISED COURSES IN MANY SCHOOLS SYSTEMS. THE ORIGINAL COURSES WERE REVISED IN LIGHT OF EXPERIENCES OF THE 1ST YEAR. COURSE CONTENT WAS CHANGED TO CAPITALIZE ON THE STRENGTHS OF VISUAL PRESENTATION. SINCE IT WAS DEMONSTRATED THAT THERE WAS NO SINGLE IDEAL PATTERN, SEVERAL SCHOOL SYSTEMS TRIED VARIATIONS IN LENGTH AND FREQUENCY OF THE TELECASTS IN THE 2D YEAR. TEST RESULTS SHOWED FOR THE 2D CONSECUTIVE YEAR THAT STUDENTS WHO RECEIVED PART OF THEIR INSTRUCTION OVER TELEVISION IN LARGE CLASSES USUALLY DID AS WELL AS, AND IN MANY CASES SIGNIFICANTLY BETTER THEN, STUDENTS TAUGHT BY CONVENTIONAL METHODS IN SMALL CLASSES. OUT OF 141 DIFFERENT COMPARISONS, IN WHICH THE PERFORMANCE OF 43,105 TELEVISION STUDENTS WAS MATCHED AGAINST THAT OF 26,092 CONTROL STUDENTS OF EQUAL ABILITY, 97 COMPARISONS FAVORED THE TELEVISION STUDENTS AND 44 FAVORED THE CONTROL STUDENTS. MANY OTHER ADVANTAGES OF TELEVISED INSTRUCTION WERE SUPPORTED BY THE EVIDENCE.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Fund for the Advancement of Education, New York, NY.
Identifiers: N/A