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ERIC Number: ED002707
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Oct
Pages: 54
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
MATHEMATICS K-6--A PROPOSED PROGRAM.
CREWSON, WALTER; AND OTHERS
OBJECTIVES OF A PROPOSED MATHEMATICS PROGRAM FOR KINDERGARTEN THROUGH SIXTH GRADE ARE THE ACQUISITION OF A THOROUGH KNOWLEDGE OF THE NUMBER SYSTEM, OF INFORMATION ABOUT AND UNDERSTANDING OF MATHEMATICAL OPERATIONS, OF AUTOMATIC RECALL OF BASIC NUMBER FACTS SO THAT THE CONCEPTS LEARNED CAN BE TRANSFERRED TO OTHER SITUATIONS, AND OF THE ABILITY TO REASON IN EXPLORING LOGICAL AND ILLOGICAL RELATIONSHIPS. EMPHASIS IS ON CONTINUITY WITHIN AND BETWEEN GRADES. THE FOLLOWING UNIT AREAS ARE THE SAME FOR EACH GRADE, THE DIFFERENCES LIE IN THE COMPLEXITY OF DEVELOPMENT--NUMBER AND NUMERATION, CONSISTING OF COUNTING, READING, AND WRITING, LANGUAGE AND SYMBOLS, OPERATIONS ON WHOLE NUMBERS, OPERATIONS ON FRACTIONS, PROBLEM SOLVING, AND GEOMETRY AND MEASUREMENT. THE IDEAS TO BE DEVELOPED WITHIN EACH CATEGORY AT EACH GRADE LEVEL ARE EXPLAINED. TEACHERS ARE ADVISED TO START THE LEARNING PROCESS BY WORKING WITH OBJECTS, THEN TO PROCEED TO PICTURES, AND FINALLY TO WORK WITH NUMBERS. BY USING A VARIETY OF SUCH PHYSICAL MATERIALS AS COOKIES, BOXES, AND STICKS, THE TEACHER HELPS THE CHILD DEVELOP MEANINGS FOR NUMBERS AND OPERATIONS BEFORE REACHING THE ABSTRACT OR SYMBOLIC LEVEL. IN ADDITION TO THE LECTURING METHOD, THE USE OF GUIDED DISCOVERY IS EMPHASIZED TO REINFORCE LEARNING AND TO FOSTER AN ATTITUDE OF INQUIRY. THE USE OF DIRECT NUMBER SENTENCES ONLY IN THE INITIAL STAGES OF WORKING WITH VERBAL PROBLEM-SOLVING IS ADVOCATED OVER THE USE OF INDIRECT NUMBER SENTENCES. THE INTRODUCTION OF NEW IDEAS SHOULD BEGIN WITH REVIEWS OF PREVIOUSLY LEARNED MATERIAL. ALTHOUGH THE SYLLABUS IS MAINLY FOR THE AVERAGE CHILD, THE TEACHER IS ADVISED TO MODIFY IT ACCORDING TO INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES. A SUGGESTION GIVEN FOR REMEDIAL TEACHING IS TO ENCOURAGE THE CHILD TO THINK ALOUD WHILE WORKING.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: New York State Education Dept., Albany.
Identifiers: New York (Albany)