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ERIC Number: ED002697
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1957
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A CRITICAL REVIEW OF A PORTION OF THE LITERATURE ON TEACHING DEVICES.
PORTER, DOUGLAS
A PORTION OF THE LITERATURE CONCERNING MECHANICAL TEACHING MACHINES OR DEVICES, WHICH ALLEGEDLY INCREASE THE EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF TEACHING OPERATIONS BY MAKING USE OF CERTAIN PSYCHOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES AND TEACHER LABORSAVING FEATURES, IS REVIEWED. A CLASSIFICATION IS MADE OF MECHANICAL TEACHING AIDS AND DEVICES, SUGGESTING THAT THE STIMULUS DEVICES AND RESPONSE DEVICES ARE ONLY TEACHING AIDS, WHILE THE STIMULUS-RESPONSE DEVICES ARE TEACHING DEVICES. THIS REVIEW IS CONCERNED WITH ONE OF THE THREE TYPES OF STIMULUS-RESPONSE DEVICE--THE IMMEDIATE REINFORCERS WHICH TRY TO ALTER THE COURSE OF LEARNING BY AUTOMATICALLY PRESENTING THE STUDENT WITH A "REWARD" OR REINFORCEMENT IMMEDIATELY AFTER HE HAS MADE A CORRECT RESPONSE. THOSE DEVICES DISCUSSED ARE THE PRESSEY MULTIPLE-CHOICE DEVICE, PUNCHBOARD DEVICES, CHEMICAL PAPER, THE SKINNER DEVICE, AND OTHER MISCELLANEOUS DEVICES. ALSO GIVEN ARE THE THEORETICAL ISSUES OF REINFORCEMENT, TRANSFER, AND CURRICULUM, EXPERIMENTAL WORK ON TEACHING DEVICES, AND LITERATURE ENDORSEMENTS. NEWER TYPES OF TEACHING DEVICES HAVE NOT BEEN ACCEPTED AS ESSENTIAL. HOWEVER, THEY SHOULD BE JUDGED IN TERMS OF THEIR EFFECTIVENESS AS SUCH OTHER TEACHING DEVICES AS BOOKS, BLACKBOARDS, PENCILS, AND PAPERS. INCREASED USE OF STIMULUS-RESPONSE TEACHING DEVICES, WHICH PROVIDE FOR PRACTICE OF SKILLS, CAN PLACE MECHANICAL TEACHING DEVICES IN A MORE PROMINENT CLASSROOM ROLE. AN INDEX TO LITERATURE ON TEACHING DEVICES AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE INCLUDED. THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED IN THE "HARVARD EDUCATIONAL REVIEW," VOLUME 27, NUMBER 2, 1957.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: CAMBRIDGE