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ERIC Number: ED002692
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Jan
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
NEW JERSEY FARM LABOR REPORT, 1963.
CHARTIER, WALTER J.; WATTS, FRED
FARMING IN NEW JERSEY IN 1963 WAS VARIED, VITAL, AND GEOGRAPHICALLY CONCENTRATED. A CONSTANT READY MARKET WAS INSURED BECAUSE OF LOCATION. AGRICULTURAL ACREAGE DECREASED BECAUSE OF URBANIZATION, INDUSTRIALIZATION, AND HIGHWAY DEVELOPMENT, CROP ACREAGE YIELDS INCREASED. THE TREND WAS TOWARD ALMOST TOTAL MECHANIZATION BECAUSE OF INTENSE CULTIVATION, NEW FERTILIZERS, AND NEW FARMING METHODS. MANAGEMENT IMPROVED IN QUALITY. FAMILY AND YEAR-ROUND WORK FORCES WERE RELATIVELY STABLE WHILE GREAT CHANGES OCCURRED IN SEASONAL WORKERS WHO WERE ENGAGED FROM APRIL THROUGH NOVEMBER AND CAME FROM PUERTO RICO, THE SOUTHERN UNITED STATES, PHILADELPHIA, AND THE WEST INDIES. CREW LEADERS MADE WORK ARRANGEMENTS THROUGH THE ANNUAL WORKER PLAN. WAGES VARIED. WORKERS SHIFTED FROM CROP TO CROP. MECHANIZATION CAUSED A REDUCTION OF REGULAR HIRED FARM WORKERS. TRAINING CLASSES WERE HELD TO FILL THE SHORTAGE OF QUALIFIED TRACTOR OPERATORS. ENGLISH WAS TAUGHT TO IMPROVE UNDERSTANDING. LEGAL REGULATIONS HAVE HELPED REDUCE ABUSES RELATED TO HOUSING, NONPAYMENT OF WAGES, ILLEGAL DEDUCTIONS, AND DESERTIONS OF THE CREW LEADER. CAMPS WITH HOUSING UNFIT FOR HABITATION HAVE BEEN ELIMINATED, AND GREATER EMPHASIS WAS PLACED ON REQUIREMENTS FOR SAFEGUARDING COOKING AND HEATING FACILITIES.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: New Jersey State Dept. of Labor and Industry, Trenton.
Identifiers: N/A