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ERIC Number: ED002689
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1961-May
Pages: 2
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
AGRICULTURAL LABOR--THE PROBLEM, ATTEMPTS AT ORGANIZATION, CURRENT LAWS, AND WHAT ARE THE ISSUES.
CALL, DAVID
THE NUMBER OF HIRED FARM WORKERS IS DECREASING WITH THE INCREASED USE OF LABORSAVING FARM MACHINERY AND TECHNOLOGY WHICH ALLOWS GREATER OUTPUT PER WORKER. THE LOW WAGE SCALE PREVALENT IN AGRICULTURE IS THE MAJOR CAUSE OF THE FARM LABOR PROBLEM. WAGE RATES ARE DIFFICULT TO MEASURE ACCURATELY BECAUSE OF A GREAT DIVERSITY IN METHODS OF PAYMENT AND THE DIFFICULTY IN PLACING VALUE ON SUCH FURNISHED PERQUISITES AS HOUSES, ROOMS, AND MEALS. A FACTOR AFFECTING WAGE RATES IS THE RELATIVE UNPRODUCTIVITY OF FARM LABOR AS COMPARED TO INDUSTRIAL LABOR, THIS IS PARTLY BECAUSE JOBS ARE NOT MECHANIZED AND THE PRODUCTS ARE OF RELATIVELY LOW VALUE. ANOTHER FACTOR IS THE SUFFICIENCY OF THE FARM LABOR SUPPLY FOR THE DEMANDS MADE UPON IT, THIS MEANS THAT HIGHER WAGE RATES ARE NOT NECESSARY TO ATTRACT WORKERS. FARM LABOR MAY BE DIVIDED INTO FOUR GROUPS--RELATIVELY PERMANENT HIRED LABOR, LOCAL SEASONAL WORKERS, NONLOCAL SEASONAL WORKERS, AND FOREIGN LABOR. UNIONIZATION OF WORKERS HAS BEEN AIMED PRINCIPALLY AT LOCAL SEASONAL AND NONFOREIGN MIGRANT WORKERS. UNIONIZATION OF FARMERS REFERS PRIMARILY TO JOINING TOGETHER OF FARM OWNERS AND OPERATORS IN TRADE UNIONS TO BARGAIN WITH BUYERS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS. THE PRINCIPAL LABOR ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED AND SOME CURRENT LAWS RELATING TO FARM LABOR ARE CITED. ACTIVITIES TO HELP SOLVE THE FARM LABOR PROBLEM CAN BE DIVIDED INTO TWO BROAD GROUPS--THOSE DEALING WITH THE WAGE PROBLEM AND THOSE SEEKING TO PROVIDE REGULATIONS AND OTHER ADMINISTRATIVE RULINGS WHICH WILL AFFECT FARM LABOR.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing.
Identifiers: Michigan (East Lansing)