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ERIC Number: ED002686
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1960-Dec
Pages: 34
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
MIGRATORY FARMWORKERS IN THE MIDCONTINENT STREAMS, PRODUCTION RESEARCH REPORT NUMBER 41.
METZLER, WILLIAM H.; SARGENT, FREDERIC O.
THE SPANISH-AMERICANS OF SOUTHERN TEXAS PROVIDE ONE OF THE LARGEST RESERVOIRS OF SEASONAL FARM LABOR WHOSE RATE OF MOVEMENT IS AFFECTED BY ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF THE UNITED STATES AND MEXICO. RECRUITMENT OF WORKERS HAS BECOME HIGHLY ORGANIZED. SINCE MIGRATORY WORKERS HAVE BEEN SO IMPORTANT TO THE UNITED STATES ECONOMY AND HAVE DERIVED SO LITTLE BENEFIT, THE STUDY ATTEMPTED TO ASCERTAIN WHETHER STANDARDS COULD BE IMPROVED AND WHETHER MIGRATION COULD BE REDUCED OR ELIMINATED. DURING JANUARY AND FEBRUARY OF 1957 THE MIGRATORY LABOR FORCE OF SIX SOUTHERN TEXAS CITIES WAS SURVEYED BY SPANISH-AMERICAN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS OR GRADUATES TO GAIN INFORMATION ABOUT CHARACTERISTICS, MIGRATION PATTERNS, METHODS OF OBTAINING WORK, AND EARNINGS. THE ANNUAL MOVEMENT OF MIGRATORY FARM WORKERS FROM SOUTHERN TEXAS TO SEASONAL WORK IN MORE THAN 30 STATES IS A PART OF THE AGRICULTURAL ECONOMY, FLUCTUATIONS OCCUR ACCORDING TO NEED OF LABORERS. LARGE COMPANIES AND SMALL OPERATORS WHO NEEDED SEASONAL LABORERS INITIATED THE MOVEMENT. FORMERLY, MIGRANTS NEEDED A CREW LEADER TO MAKE JOB CONTACTS, BUT THEY NOW TEND TO TRAVEL IN FAMILY GROUPS IN THEIR OWN CARS AND MAKE THEIR OWN WORK ARRANGEMENTS. THEIR UMEMPLOYMENT RATE, THOUGH ALWAYS HIGH, IS TWICE AS GREAT AS WHEN THEY ARE ON ROAD AS IT IS WHEN THEY ARE AT THE HOME BASE. TO HELP ALLEVIATE PROBLEMS, FAMILIES SHOULD MOVE TO AREAS WHERE WORK EXISTS, PLANS SHOULD BE DEVELOPED TO CORRELATE MOVEMENT WITH LOCAL NEEDS, DAY-CARE CENTERS AND SUMMER SCHOOLS SHOULD BE PROVIDED FOR CHILDREN, AND TRANSPORTATION, HOUSING, AND SANITATION SHOULD BE IMPROVED.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA