NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED002684
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962-Apr
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
PROGRESS IN MEETING PROBLEMS OF MIGRATORY LABOR IN MARYLAND, THIRD ANNUAL REPORT.
NYSTROM, PAUL E.; AND OTHERS
NUMEROUS CHANGES IN MARYLAND AGRICULTURE HAD A PRONOUNCED EFFECT UPON THE LABOR MOVEMENT. AMONG THEM WERE--CROP YIELDS, CROP PRICES AND THE RESULTANT EFFECT UPON CROP ACREAGE, MECHANIZATION OF TILLAGE, THINNINGS, AND HARVEST PROCEDURES. DESPITE INCREASED MECHANIZATION, GREATER ACREAGES MIGHT DEMAND A RATHER CONSTANT SUPPLY OF LABOR. PROBLEMS IN ENFORCEMENT OF HOUSING AND SANITATION REGULATIONS WERE THAT SOME WORKERS WERE ALLOWED TO OCCUPY UNAPPROVED QUARTERS, WORKERS ARRIVED AT THE CAMPS BEFORE THE STATED DATE OF ARRIVAL WHEN CAMPS WERE NOT READY FOR OCCUPANCY, AND MIGRANTS WERE FOUND OCCUPYING CAMPS AND BUILDINGS WITHOUT THE OWNERS' BEING AWARE OF SUCH OCCUPANCY. COMPLIANCE WITH HOUSING REGULATIONS BY EMPLOYERS HAS GENERALLY BEEN GOOD. LOCAL HEALTH DEPARTMENT SERVICES, INCLUDING MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH, AND CHEST X-RAYS, WERE AVAILABLE TO MIGRANT WORKERS TEMPORARILY LOCATED IN THE STATE. HOWEVER, OBTAINING BETTER UTILIZATION OF LOCAL HEALTH SERVICES WAS A PROBLEM. BOTH THE INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION AND STATE TRANSPORTATION LAWS WERE EFFECTIVE IN DEALING WITH MIGRANT TRANSPORTATION. WITH DECREASING NUMBERS OF MIGRANTS ENTERING MARYLAND EACH YEAR, THERE WAS A CONCOMITANT DECREASE IN THE NUMBER OF SCHOOLAGE MIGRANT YOUTH. CHANGES IN THE AGRICULTURAL PATTERN RESULTED IN NO MIGRANT YOUTHS ENTERING THE STATE BEFORE THE END OF THE SCHOOL YEAR. EDUCATIONAL AUTHORITIES FELT NO ACUTE NEED FOR SPECIAL SCHOOL PROGRAMS DURING THE SUMMER FOR CHILDREN OF MIGRANTS, SINCE THE RESIDENCE OF ANY SPECIFIC GROUP WAS QUITE SHORT BECAUSE OF THE DECLINE IN NUMBERS. YOUTH PROGRAMS INSTITUTED FOR MIGRANT FAMILIES WERE SUCCESSFUL. A COPY OF THE MARYLAND STATE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH REGULATIONS IS APPENDED.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Governor's Committee on Migratory Labor, College Park, MD.
Identifiers: Maryland (College Park)