NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED002683
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Jan
Pages: 37
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
PROGRESS IN MEETING PROBLEMS OF MIGRATORY LABOR IN MARYLAND, FOURTH ANNUAL REPORT.
NYSTROM, PAUL E.; AND OTHERS
THE VEGETABLE AND FRUIT INDUSTRIES OF MARYLAND HAVE LONG BEEN DEPENDENT UPON MIGRATORY LABOR FOR THE SEASONAL LABOR REQUIRED IN HARVESTING AND PROCESSING OPERATIONS. THIS LABOR FORCE COMES TO THE STATE IN THE SPRING OR SUMMER, IS EMPLOYED IN VARIOUS CAMPS IN MARYLAND AND STATES IN THE NORTH, AND MIGRATES SOUTH FOLLOWING THE HARVEST OF LATE SNAPBEANS AND SWEET POTATOES IN THE FALL. MOST MIGRANTS COME FROM FLORIDA AND OTHER SOUTHERN STATES. MOST MIGRANTS ARE RECRUITED, TRANSPORTED, AND MANAGED BY CREW LEADERS WHO SERVE AS THIER CONTACT WITH EMPLOYERS. SOME LIVE IN CENTRAL CAMPS COOPERATIVELY OWNED AND OPERATED BY GROWERS' ASSOCIATIONS, OTHERS CAMP ON FARMS OR AT PROCESSING PLANTS. MOST MIGRANTS ARE NATIVES OF THE SOUTHERN STATES, BUT SOME COME FROM PUERTO RICO OR OTHER OFFSHORE ISLANDS. PROGRAMS HAVE BEEN ORGANIZED AND SUPERVISED TO HELP IN TRANSPORTING DAY WORKERS FROM CITIES AND TOWNS TO THE FARMS. MANY CHANGES HAVING A PRONOUNCED EFFECT UPON THE LABOR MOVEMENT HAVE OCCURED IN MARYLAND AGRICULTURE. IT IS NOT POSSIBLE TO PREDICT THE ULTIMATE EFFECT OF INCREASED MECHANIZATION UPON THE NEED FOR MIGRANT LABOR. IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THE NEED WILL NOT BE DIMINISHED AND THAT THE ULTIMATE EFFECT WILL BE FOR GREATER ACREAGES AND FOR A RATHER CONSTANT SUPPLY OF LABOR.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Governor's Committee on Migratory Labor, College Park, MD.
Identifiers: Maryland (College Park)