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ERIC Number: ED002675
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Oct
Pages: 54
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EXPERIENCE APPROACH TO LANGUAGE ARTS--AN OVERVIEW. LANGUAGE ARTS SERIES.
KENDRICK, WILLIAM; NIELSEN, WILHELMINE
A METHOD OF TEACHING READING IN THE PRIMARY GRADES IS PRESENTED. SKILLS OF LISTENING, SPEAKING, WRITING, AND READING ARE INCLUDED. THE LANGUAGE AND THINKING OF THE INDIVIDUAL CHILD, BASED UPON HIS OWN EXPERIENCE, IS THE BASIS FOR ALL SKILL DEVELOPMENT. THE PATTERN OF INSTRUCTION COMPRISES THE FOLLOWING SEQUENCE, ALTHOUGH STRICT ADHERENCE TO THIS ORDER IS NOT DEMANDED OF ALL STUDENTS--INITIALLY, THE CHILD EXPRESSES HIS EXPERIENCE IN SUCH GRAPHIC FORMS AS DRAWINGS OR PAINTINGS, HE NEXT SPEAKS TO THE TEACHER OR OTHER STUDENTS ABOUT THE EXPERIENCE WHICH HE HAS PORTRAYED GRAPHICALLY, THEN HE DICTATES HIS STORY ABOUT THE PICTURE TO THE TEACHER IN HIS OWN WORDS AND THE TEACHER WRITES DOWN HIS WORDS UNDER THE PICTURE, THE CHILD BEGINS TO COPY HIS OWN DICTATING FROM THE TEACHER AND GRADUALLY WRITES HIS OWN STORIES MORE INDEPENDENTLY, AFTER HE HAS WRITTEN HIS OWN STORY IN HIS OWN WORDS, HE READS HIS STORY TO THE CLASS, GRADUALLY, COMMERCIALLY PREPARED BOOKS ARE INTRODUCED AS READING MATERIAL AND THE CHILD UNDERSTANDS THAT HE CAN READ WHAT OTHERS HAVE WRITTEN TO GET IDEAS ABOUT WHICH HE MIGHT LATER SPEAK OR WRITE. UNDERSTANDING OF THE ALPHABET, PHONETIC ANALYSIS, CONFIGURATION ANALYSIS, STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS, AND SPELLING SKILLS ARE ALL INTRODUCED IN THE WRITING PROGRAM FIRST AND LATER REINFORCED IN THE READING PROGRAM. CONTROL OF VOCABULARY RESTS IN THE LANGUAGE OF THE INDIVIDUAL CHILD AS HE SPEAKS, LISTENS, WRITES, AND READS RATHER THAN IN PRESCRIBED FORMULAS. IN THIS APPROACH THE LANGUAGE ARTS ARE TAUGHT AS AN INTEGRATED PROGRAM SO THAT THE DEVELOPMENT OF SKILLS IN ONE AREA RELATES TO AND REINFORCES THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE OTHER LANGUAGE ARTS SKILLS. A LIST OF REFERENCE MATERIALS AND AUDIOVISUAL MATERIALS IS INCLUDED.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: San Diego County Dept. of Education, CA.
Identifiers: California (San Diego)