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ERIC Number: ED002664
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1958-Jun
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
HISTORY OF FEDERAL INTEREST IN MIGRANT EDUCATION.
HEATHERSHAW
DURING THE DEPRESSION OF THE 1930'S RECOGNITION WAS GIVEN TO THE PLIGHT OF MIGRATORY WORKERS. AS A RESULT OF THE STUDIES OF SEVERAL GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES, A FARM LABOR CAMP PROGRAM WAS DEVELOPED TO PROVIDE HOUSING, MEDICAL CARE, CHILD CARE, AND COMMUNITY ACTIVITIES FOR SEASONAL FARM WORKERS. DURING WORLD WAR II THE DEMAND FOR SEASONAL FARM WORKERS INCREASED, BUT LIVING CONDITIONS DID NOT IMPROVE. AFTER THE WAR THE FARM LABOR PROGRAM GAINED GREATER IMPORTANCE. EFFORTS WERE MADE TO STIMULATE PUBLIC AND PRIVATE INTERESTS AND PROVIDE STATE AND FEDERAL LEGISLATION BUT LITTLE PROGRESS WAS MADE. IN 1950 LEGISLATIVE ACTION HELPED MIGRATORY CHILDREN GET OUT OF THE FIELDS AND INTO SCHOOL. A PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION COLLECTED INFORMATION CONCERNING MIGRANTS AND PREPARED A REPORT TO AID IN DEVELOPING GOALS AND PROGRAMS. ALTHOUGH INTEREST WAS AROUSED IN THE PROBLEMS OF MIGRATORY WORKERS AND THEIR CHILDREN, LITTLE ACTION WAS TAKEN UNTIL THE CREATION OF THE PRESIDENT'S COMMITTEE ON MIGRATORY LABOR IN 1954. TO IMPLEMENT THE COMMITTEE, THE WORKING GROUP WAS ORGANIZED AS A PLANNING, COORDINATING, AND REVIEWING BODY TO DEVELOP GUIDES FOR PROGRAM EMPHASIS. A LIST OF THESE GUIDES AND THE SUBCOMMITTEES WHICH WERE FORMED WAS INCLUDED. RESULTS OF THE WORKING GROUP ACTIVITIES WERE GRATIFYING. HOWEVER, THESE ACTIVITIES CANNOT REMEDY THE SITUATION UNTIL STATE GOVERNMENTS ADOPT AND ENFORCE THEM. TEAMWORK BY FEDERAL, STATE, AND COMMUNITY AGENCIES HAS BEEN IMPORTANT IN ATTAINING THE PRESIDENT'S OBJECTIVES. A SUMMARY OF THE PROBLEMS IN THE FIELDS OF TRANSPORTATION, REST CAMPS, HOUSING, LOAN FACILITIES, HEALTH AND AND WELFARE, AND EDUCATION WHICH THE PRESIDENTIAL COMMITTEE ACTED UPON WAS INCLUDED.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Florida (Gainesville)