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ERIC Number: ED002637
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1961-Jul
Pages: 4
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
"MIGRANT CHILDREN--THE CHALLENGE AND OUR RESPONSE"--REPORT OF THE MIGRANT CHILDREN'S FUND CONFERENCE (JULY 1961).
GORDON, CYRUS; AND OTHERS
THE ROLE OF FEDERAL, STATE, AND PRIVATE AGENCIES IN HELPING MIGRANT CHILDREN WAS DISCUSSED. BACKGROUND INFORMATION GIVEN BY NORMAN THOMAS AND FAY BENNETT EMPHASIZED SURVEY RESULTS. IN 1961 THERE WERE BETWEEN 350,000 AND 450,000 CHILDREN OF DOMESTIC MIGRANT WORKERS IN AMERICA. IN 1959 75,000 OF THE 500,000 MIGRANT WORKERS IN THE UNITED STATES WERE BETWEEN 14 AND 17 YEARS OF AGE. OF THE TOTAL NUMBER OF MIGRANT CHILDREN, 59 PERCENT WERE BEHIND IN SCHOOL. SINCE THESE CHILDREN WERE NOT RESIDENTS OF THE STATE WHERE THEIR PARENTS WORKED, THEY DID NOT HAVE TO OBEY COMPULSORY ATTENDANCE LAWS. THEIR ATTENDANCE WAS DISCOURAGED BY SCHOOL BOARDS WHO FELT THAT THEY LOWERED SCHOOL STANDARDS. THEY FACED PERSONAL OBSTACLES BECAUSE OF THEIR LANGUAGE HANDICAPS AND BECAUSE OF THEIR PARENTS' LOW EDUCATIONAL LEVEL. THEIR PARENTS DISCOURAGED THEIR SCHOOL ATTENDANCE BECAUSE THEIR EARNINGS WERE NEEDED AT HOME. COMMUNITY AND STATE ROLES WERE EXPLAINED BY ALFRED POTTS, 2D, CHARLES YERSAK, CHRISTINE SHACK, AND W.H. REUF. THE EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM FOR MIGRANT CHILDREN IN NEW JERSEY CONSISTED OF ELEMENTARY EDUCATION SIMILAR TO THE PUBLIC SCHOOL OFFERINGS, WITH MATERIAL ADAPTED TO MIGRANT CHILDREN'S OWN EXPERIENCE. IN NEW YORK STATE, ONLY $33,000 OF $40,000 APPROPRIATED FOR MIGRANT EDUCATION WAS EXPANDED. THE COLORADO LEGISLATURE APPROPRIATED 10 PERCENT MORE THAN THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION REQUESTED FOR MIGRANT EDUCATION. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT'S ROLE WAS EXPLAINED BY VERA PRATT. THE MIGRANT EDUCATION BILL PROVIDED A THREE-POINT FEDERAL AID TO STATES TO PROVIDE MEDICAL CARE FOR MIGRANT FAMILIES. ANOTHER SENATE PROPOSAL EXTENDED THE CHILD LABOR PROTECTIONS TO MIGRANT CHILDREN. WAYS IN WHICH PRIVATE ORGANIZATIONS CAN HELP WERE EXPLAINED BY EDITH LOWRY AND MICHAEL MUNK. THEY CAN AROUSE PUBLIC OPINION, INFLUENCE GOVERNMENTAL ACTION, IMPLEMENT NEW LEGISLATION, AND INITIATE PILOT PROGRAMS AND DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Committee on the Education of Migrant Children, New York, NY.
Identifiers: New York (Pleasantville)