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ERIC Number: ED002621
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962-Sep
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
RURAL EDUCATION SYSTEMS--ELEMENTARY EDUCATION.
COCKERILLE, CLARA E.
INFORMATION FROM TWO RECENT SURVEYS DESCRIBES RURAL EDUCATION IN THE MID-1950'S AND IDENTIFIES SOME OF THE PROBLEMS OF ELEMENTARY EDUCATION IN THESE AREAS. FINDINGS INCLUDE A DISPROPORTIONATE NUMBER OF BEGINNING TEACHERS, SMALL STAFFS, LOWER SALARIES, LOWER ANNUAL EXPENDITURES PER PUPIL, GREATER DEPENDENCE ON STATE OR FEDERAL FUNDS, AND LOWER FAMILY INCOMES. THE ONE-TEACHER SCHOOLS ARE DECLINING. THOSE TEACHERS STILL IN ONE-ROOM SCHOOLS ARE MAINLY OLDER, MARRIED, AND FEMALE. THESE TEACHERS ARE NOT AS WELL EDUCATED OR WELL PAID AS MOST OTHER TEACHERS AND FREQUENTLY DO NOT MEET MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS. THE FACILITIES OF THE ONE-TEACHER SCHOOLS INCLUDE SUCH INADEQUACIES AS POOR CONSTRUCTION, LACK OF ADEQUATE SANITATION AND SAFETY DEVICES, AND LACK OF EQUIPMENT RELATED TO CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION. CERTAIN BASIC OBJECTIVES AND STANDARDS USED TO EXAMINE THE ORGANIZATION AND CURRICULUM OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS ARE PRESENTED. SUCH MAJOR PROBLEMS FACING RURAL EDUCATION AS RECRUITING AND EDUCATING A SUFFICIENT NUMBER OF TEACHERS, PROVIDING ADEQUATE INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS, PROVIDING AUXILIARY AND HEALTHFUL SCHOOL PLANTS AND RELATED PHYSICAL FACILITIES ARE IDENTIFIED. THREE WAYS OF RESOLVING THESE PROBLEMS ARE CONSOLIDATION, DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERMEDIATE UNIT, AND IMPROVED LOCAL PROGRAMS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Committee for Children and Youth, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA