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ERIC Number: ED002618
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
"VAMONOS PAL NORTE" (LET'S GO NORTH), A SOCIAL PROFILE OF THE SPANISH SPEAKING MIGRATORY FARM LABORER.
A YEARLY INCREASE OF MIGRATORY WORKERS TO OREGON RESULTED IN HIGHER WAGES IN THE AREA. IN 1957 THE SPANISH SPEAKING LABORERS IN OREGON NUMBERED 11,000 TO 12,000, 10 PERCENT OF WHOM WERE PERMANENT RESIDENTS. RECRUITMENT WAS CARRIED OUT BY CONTRACTORS. THEY OPERATED THROUGH SUBCONTRACTORS WHO IN TURN ACTED AS CONTACT MEN IN STRATEGIC LOCATIONS THROUGHOUT AREAS OF THE RIO GRANDE. USUALLY THERE WERE VERBAL ARGREEMENTS RATHER THAN WRITTEN CONTRACTS. WAGES EQUALLED THOSE PREVAILING IN THE AREA OF WORK. AVERAGE WEEKLY FAMILY EARNINGS WERE $40, AND EXPENSES WERE $28.50. MAJOR PROBLEMS RELATED TO THE MIGRANT WORKERS WERE IN THE AREAS OF UNSATISFACTORY RECRUITMENT PRACTICES, LANGUAGE HANDICAPS, POOR WORKING CONDITIONS, POOR HOUSING AND SANITATION, LACK OF HEALTH SERVICES AND CONSEQUENT DESEASE AND ILLNESS, UNSAFE TRANSPORTATION, POOR EDUCATIONAL AND CHILD CARE PROGRAMS, THE SAME WORKING CONDITIONS AND HOURS FOR WOMEN AND MINORS AS FOR MEN, AND NEGATIVE COMMUNITY ATTITUDES. THE FOLLOWING CONCLUSIONS WERE MADE--CHILDREN SUFFER THE MOST UNDER THE SOCIAL SYSTEM OF THE MIGRANT LABORERS, BECAUSE THEIR ONLY SOURCE OF EXPERIENCE AND LEARNING IS A DISTORTED PATTERN OF LIFE. UNDER THE PRESENT SYSTEM OF WORKING RELATIONSHIPS, CONTRACTORS, SUBCONTRACTORS, AND CREW LEADERS ARE A NEGATIVE FACTOR IN THE OUTLOOK AND FUTURE OF THE SPANISH-SPEAKING MIGRANT LABORER. BECAUSE THEY CONTRIBUTE TO THE ECONOMIC WEALTH OF THE COUNTIES THEY WORK IN, MIGRANT WORKERS SHOULD BE AT LEAST PARTIALLY PROTECTED BY EXISTING AGENCIES. MANY OF THE MIGRANTS ARE CITIZENS, AND MANY ARE OREGON RESIDENTS. THEY SHOULD BE ENCOURAGED TO PARTICIPATE IN THEIR GOVERNMENT AND COMMUNITY LIFE.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A