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ERIC Number: ED002583
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Sep
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CHARACTERISTICS OF RURAL DROPOUTS.
MILLER, LEONARD M.
DATA FROM A 1962 NATIONWIDE SURVEY AND FROM STUDIES IN VARIOUS STATES DESCRIBE THE ECONOMIC SITUATION OF SCHOOL DROPOUTS AND LIST FACTORS RELATED TO DROPPING OUT OF SCHOOL. THE RATE OF UNEMPLOYMENT FOR SCHOOL DROPOUTS WAS TWICE AS HIGH AS FOR HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES. DROPOUTS WERE CONCENTRATED IN FARM AND NONFARM LABORING JOBS, A FEW WERE CRAFTSMEN OR WHITE-COLLAR WORKERS. THE PROPORTION OF NONFARM WORKERS WHO WORKED ONLY PART-TIME BECAUSE OF ECONOMIC REASONS WAS 16 PERCENT FOR DROPOUTS COMPARED WITH 4 PERCENT FOR GRADUATES. UNEMPLOYMENT FOR NONWHITE GRADUATES WAS HIGHER THAN FOR WHITE GRADUATES. FINDINGS FROM VARIOUS STATE STUDIES SHOWED THAT FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS WERE CLOSELY RELATED TO DROPPING OUT OF SCHOOL GREATER PROPORTIONS OF DROPOUTS CAME FROM FAMILIES OF LOW STATUS AND LOW INCOME, FROM FAMILIES WHERE PARENTS FAILED TO COMPLETE HIGH SCHOOL, AND FROM BROKEN FAMILIES. RETARDATION IN SCHOOL IS CLOSELY LINKED TO DROPPING OUT OF SCHOOL. STUDENTS RETARDED A YEAR OR MORE WHEN THEY ENTER NINTH GRADE ARE LIKELY TO WITHDRAW BEFORE GRADUATION. IN AN IOWA INVESTIGATION, SIX TYPES OF PREDISPOSING FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH DROPPING OUT OF SCHOOL INCLUDED DIFFICULT SCHOOL PROGRAMS, LACK OF ACCEPTANCE, DISRUPTIVE HOME SITUATIONS, FINANCIAL NEEDS, INADEQUATE SCHOOL PROGRAMS AND ENGAGEMENT OR MARRIAGE. IN A LOUISIANA STUDY, LACK OF INTEREST OR MOTIVATION WAS THE KEY FACTOR FOR DROPPING OUT OF SCHOOL. MOST OF THE YOUTH WHO DROPPED OUT FELT THAT NOTHING WOULD HAVE KEPT THEM IN SCHOOL. FOR MANY DROPOUTS IN RURAL AREAS OF LOUISIANA, CONFLICT IN NORMS OF BEHAVIOR BETWEEN SCHOOL AND HONE CONTRIBUTED TO FEELINGS OF INSECURTIY AND ALIENATION FROM SCHOOL AND THE CONSEQUENT DROPPING OUT OF SCHOOL AS A MEANS OF RESOLVING THESE CONFLICTS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Committee for Children and Youth, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA