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ERIC Number: ED002581
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Nov
Pages: 6
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
ARTICLES FROM THE DAILY PRESS--UTICA, NEW YORK.
BEETLE, DAVID H.; WAXMAN, SINAI M.
THE GREENBURGH SCHOOL DISTRICT NO. 8 WAS ONE OF THE FIRST AREAS IN THE NATION TO BEGIN THE PRACTICE OF BUSSING PUPILS AROUND TO ELIMINATE SEGREGATED SCHOOLS. THIS MIXED RURAL AND SUBURBAN DISTRICT HAD DEVELOPED A BRILLANT EXAMPLE OF INTEGRATED EDUCATION BEFORE IT FELT THE STRENGTH OF COURT DECISIONS OR STATE EDUCATION DEPARTMENTS. THE STAGE WAS SET FOR BALANCED SCHOOLS IN 1932 WHEN A NEGRO MINISTER WON AN ELECTION FOR A SCHOOL BOARD POSITION. AT THAT TIME THERE WAS AN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL IN A LOW-INCOME AREA WHICH WAS ALMOST 99 PERCENT NEGRO AND ANOTHER SCHOOL IN A MIDDLE-CLASS RURAL AREA WHICH WAS ALMOST ALL WHITE. BY 1950, THE NEGRO SCHOOL WAS HALF EMPTY AND THE PREDOMINANTLY WHITE ONE PACKED TO THE DOORS. THE ALTERNATIVE TO A COSTLY BUILDING PROGRAM WAS SOME RESHUFFLING OF PUPILS. DESPITE THREATS, SEVERE CRITICISM, AND GREAT TENSION, AND BACKED BY HEAVY SUPPORTING ACTION BY A COMMUNITY CITIZENS COMMITTEE, A PLAN OF COMPLETE SCHOOL INTEGRATION WAS ADOPTED. DURING HIS PUBLIC SCHOOL CAREER, A GREENBURGH YOUNGSTER ATTENDS FIVE SCHOOLS, ACCORDING TO WHAT IS CALLED THE "PRINCETON PLAN." HE STARTS WITH ALL OTHER CHILDREN OF THE SAME AGE IN ONE KINDERGARTEN AND THEN ATTENDS SEPARATE SCHOOLS FOR ALL CHILDREN IN GRADES 1-2, 3-4, AND 5-6. HE THEN MOVES TO A COMPLETELY INTEGRATED JUNIOR-SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL.EACH SCHOOL BUILDING REPRESENTS A CROSS SECTION OF THE ENTIRE DISTRICT, DISTRICT, WITH A VERY STABLE STUDENT RATIO OF 36 PERCENT NEGRO AND 64 PERCENT WHITE. THE TEACHING STAFF IS BETWEEN 18 AND 19 PERCENT NEGRO. A BIRACIAL READER SERIES, INTERRACIAL COMMITTEES TO PLAN EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES ON THE SECONDARY LEVEL, AND LIBRARY INTERRACIAL READING AND AUDIOVISUAL MATERIALS ARE PART OF THE INTEGRATION PROGRAM.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Greenburgh School District, Hartsdale, NY.
Identifiers: New York (Hartsdale)