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ERIC Number: ED002579
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Jun
Pages: 42
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EDUCATION IN APPALACHIA.
CIACCIO, JACK
BACKGROUND INFORMATION IN IDENTIFYING EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS NEEDED FOR THOSE LIVING IN POVERTY IN THE APPALACHIAN REGION IS PROVIDED. THE REGION INCLUDES 10 STATES AND 15.3 MILLION PEOPLE, IS RURAL, AND POSSESSES POOR RESOURCES. UNEMPLOYMENT IS HIGH, WHILE INCOME AND EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT ARE LOW. SCHOOLS ARE POORLY EQUIPPED, CLASSES ARE LARGE, AND TEACHER QUALITY IS POOR. EDUCATIONAL EXPENDITURES HAVE LAGGED BY 50 PERCENT OF THE AVERAGE UNITED STATES FIGURE, BECAUSE OF LOW INCOMES AND INADEQUATE EFFORTS. OUTMIGRATION HAS BEEN HEAVY, AND THE DECREASED SCHOOL ENROLLMENT HAS LED TO A RELUCTANCE TO REPLACE, EQUIP, OR MAINTAIN ALREADY INADEQUATE SCHOOL FACILITIES. OUTMIGRATION SHOULD BE ENCOURAGED, TO REACH GREATER EQUILIBRIUM BETWEEN POPULATION AND RESOURCES. IT REMAINS A PROBLEM, HOWEVER, TO TRAIN AND EDUCATE THE MIGRANTS TO SUCCEED AND COMPETE IN OUTSIDE COMMUNITIES. A MAJOR HIGHWAY PROGRAM IS NEEDED TO FACILITATE SCHOOL CONSOLIDATIONS AND TO INCREASE AND EXTEND THE PEOPLE'S PERCEPTION OF THE OUTER WORLD. ADULT EDUCATION PROGRAMS ARE NEEDED, BOTH TO INCREASE INCOME POTENTIAL AND TO RAISE THE EDUCATIONAL ASPIRATIONS OF CHILDREN. THE PEOPLE ARE EAGER FOR SELF-IMPROVEMENT AND EDUCATION. THE SOLUTION LIES NOT SO MUCH IN PROBLEMS OF CULTURAL INTEGRATION BUT IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT WHICH COMES WITH EDUCATION. UNSUCCESSFUL EFFORTS HAVE BEEN MADE AT THE COUNTY AND STATE LEVELS TO IMPROVE RESOURCES AND TO ATTEMPT COORDINATION. IN RECENT YEARS, THERE HAS BEEN MARKED GROWTH OF INTEREST IN IMPROVING CONDITIONS. SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL AND TRAINING PROGRAMS INCLUDE THE PRESIDENT'S APPALACHIAN REGIONAL COMMISSION, EASTERN KENTUCKY REGIONAL PLANNING COMMISSION, EASTERN KENTUCKY EMERGENCY PROGRAM, APPALACHIAN VOLUNTEERS, ADULT EDUCATION, WEST VIRGINIA PROGRAMS, AND FEDERAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: APPALACHIA; POPULATION; TRENDS