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ERIC Number: ED002570
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Jun
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
INTERGROUP RELATIONS IN SOCIAL-STUDIES TEXTBOOKS.
HARRIS, JUDAH J.
RESULTS OF SURVEYS OF SOCIAL STUDIES TEXTBOOKS USED IN PUBLIC ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS AND PAROCHIAL SCHOOLS ARE PRESENTED. IN SECONDARY TEXTBOOKS, FOCUS WAS ON THE ATTENTION GIVEN TO THE TREATMENT OF JOBS, OF AMERICAN NEGROES, OF IMMIGRANTS, AND OF MINORITIES UNDER NAZISM. IT WAS FOUND THAT (1) ANCIENT HEBREW HISTORY, TO THE EXCLUSION OF LATER JEWISH HISTORY, IS EMPHASIZED, (2) NEGRO POSITIONS IN CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY ARE LARGELY IGNORED, (3) IMMIGRANT GROUPS RECEIVE CONSIDERABLE ATTENTION, AND (4) THE TREATMENT OF MINORITY GROUPS BY THE NAZIS IS INADEQUATELY COVERED. ELEMENTARY TEXTBOOKS DISCUSS IN DETAIL CIVILIZATION AND RELIGIONS NOW EXTINCT. IN THE RELATION OF PROTESTANTISM TO CATHOLICISM, AND CHRISTIANITY TO JUDAISM, PREFERENCE IS GIVEN TO PROTESTANTISM AND CHRISTIANITY. THE HISTORY OF RELIGIOUS CONFLICTS AND PERSECUTIONS IS IGNORED ALTOGETHER IN MANY BOOKS. THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF PRESENT-DAY RELIGIONS TO EUROPEAN CIVILIZATIONS IS GIVEN MUCH ATTENTION, AS ARE CONTRIBUTIONS OF RELIGIOUS GROUPS AND MISSIONARIES TO SETTLEMENT, EXPLORATION, AND EDUCATION IN EARLY AMERICA. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEXTBOOKS LEAVE THE IMPRESSION THAT PRESENT-DAY RELIGION IS NOT A SIGNIFICANT FORCE IN OUR SOCIETY. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT, IN SOCIAL STUDIES CURRICULUM MATERIALS USED IN CATHOLIC SCHOOLS, THE CONTENT TREATING OTHER RELIGIOUS AND ETHNIC GROUPS IS INADEQUATE. SOME EMPHASIS IS PLACED ON THE EQUALITY OF JUDEO-CHRISTIAN TRADITIONS, BUT MORE FACTUAL DATA SHOULD BE INCLUDED. GENERALLY, THE CONTENT IS SENSITIVE TO GROUP FEELINGS. RECOMMENDATIONS INCLUDE THAT SCHOOL OFFICIALS WHO SELECT TEXTBOOKS SHOULD BE ALERT TO THE PREJUDICIAL ASPECTS OF TEXT CONTENT. THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED IN "THEORY INTO PRACTICE-INTERGROUP RELATION EDUCATION," VOLUME 2, JUNE 1963.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: COLUMBUS; OHIO