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ERIC Number: ED002557
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-May
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
TECHNOLOGY AND ITS APPLICATION TO SPEECH EDUCATION--AN OVERVIEW.
PERRIN, DON
A GENERALIZED DISCUSSION OF INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY AND A REVIEW OF SPECIFIC METHODS, MATERIALS, AND EQUIPMENT THAT APPLY TO TEACHING, PARTICULARLY SPEECH TEACHING, ARE PRESENTED. INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY IS THE COMBINATION OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING TO SOLVE AN EDUCATIONAL PROBLEM. IT INVOLVES NEW METHODS OF ORGANIZING AND PRESENTING INFORMATION, AND NEW OR REVISED TECHNIQUES, MATERIALS, AND EQUIPMENT TO SERVE SPECIFIC LEARNING NEEDS. CAREFUL ANALYSIS OF LEARNING OBJECTIVES AND THE SUBJECT MATTER TO BE TAUGHT IS NECESSARY FOR OPTIMUM PROGRAMING. NEW CONCEPTS OF ADMINISTRATION ARE NEEDED TO OVERCOME THE LACK OF PROPER TRAINING, PROGRAMING, AND MAINTENANCE OF TECHNOLOGICAL AIDS BY INDIVIDUAL SCHOOLS. THE SYSTEMS APPROACH, IN WHICH ALL MATERIALS RELEVANT TO A PARTICULAR LESSON UNIT ARE PACKAGED TOGETHER, IS ONE SOLUTION TO SUCH PROBLEMS. THE PRESENT TREND IN TEACHING METHODS TOWARD THE FUSION OF SMALL GROUP, LARGE GROUP, AND CONVENTIONAL CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION INTO AN INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEM HAS BEEN INFLUENCED BY INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY. TUTORIAL OR LABORATORY SITUATIONS ARE GEARED TOWARD SPECIFIC LEARNING NEEDS OF INDIVIDUAL STUDENTS, ALLOW BEHAVIOR TO BE SHAPED WITHIN CLOSER LIMITS THAN IS POSSIBLE WITH GROUP TEACHING, AND GIVE THE STUDENT IMMEDIATE KNOWLEDGE OF RESULTS. STUDENTS CAN MASTER THE MATERIAL AT THEIR OWN RATES. TAPE RECORDERS AID IN LEARNING SPOKEN LANGUAGE AND PRONUNCIATION. A TREND IN MATERIALS, BROUGHT ABOUT BY THE NEW TECHNOLOGY, IS TOWARDS INCREASED USE OF PREPARED MATERIALS THAT ARE INTEGRATED WITH CURRICULUM AND LESSON PLANS. STUDENTS WORK WITH THE MATERIALS INDIVIDUALLY OR IN SMALL GROUPS. TEXTBOOKS ARE BEING SUPPLEMENTED WITH SUCH MATERIALS AS WORKBOOKS, PROGRAMED TEXTS, FILMS, FILMSTRIPS, AND RECORDINGS. THE TREND IN EQUIPMENT IS TOWARD PERMANENT INSTALLATION. USE OF EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS IS DETERMINED BY THEIR AVAILABILITY, ACCESSIBILITY, AND SIMPLICITY OF USE.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: CALIFORNIA; California (Los Angeles)