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ERIC Number: ED002551
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Mar
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
GOAL ASPIRATIONS AND GOAL FULFILLMENTS--DIFFERENCES BETWEEN DEPRIVED AND AFFLUENT AMERICAN ADOLESCENTS.
GOTTLIEB, DAVID
RESEARCH FINDINGS ON THE PERCEPTIONS, ASPIRATIONS, AND VALUES OF NEGRO AND WHITE HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS ARE REPORTED. DATA ARE BASED ON A QUESTIONNAIRE ADMINISTERED TO FOUR GROUPS, INCLUDING (1) ALL STUDENTS FROM AN URBAN AND A RURAL NEGRO SEGREGATED SOUTHERN HIGH SCHOOL, (2) ALL STUDENTS FROM A WHITE SEGREGATED HIGH SCHOOL IN EACH OF THE SAME TWO COMMUNITIES, (3) A 25 PERCENT RANDOM SAMPLE OF NEGRO AND WHITE STUDENTS IN AN INTERRACIAL HIGH SCHOOL IN A LARGE, MIDWESTERN, INDUSTRIAL COMMUNITY, AND (4) A 25 PERCENT RANDOM SAMPLE OF NEGRO STUDENTS IN AN ALL-NEGRO HIGH SCHOOL IN A LARGE NORTHERN CITY. AMONG THE FINDINGS ARE THE FOLLOWING--AT EVERY STATUS LEVEL, NEGRO PARENTS HAVE LESS EDUCATION THAN WHITE PARENTS OF SIMILAR BACKGROUNDS. FOR BOTH RACES, EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT IS LOWEST FOR RURAL YOUTH. MORE NEGROES COME FROM BROKEN HOMES AT EACH CLASS LEVEL THAN DO WHITES. THE LOWER THE CLASS BACKGROUND OF WHITE YOUTH, THE LOWER ARE THEIR MOBILITY ASPIRATIONS. OVER 80 PERCENT OF THE NEGRO STUDENTS AT EACH CLASS LEVEL, HOWEVER, WANT TO GO TO COLLEGE. UNLIKE THE WHITES, NEGRO FEMALES ARE MORE LIKELY TO WANT A COLLEGE EDUCATION THAN NEGRO MALES. MORE NEGROES FROM SOUTHERN SEGREGATED SCHOOLS WANT TO ATTEND COLLEGE THAN THOSE FROM NORTHERN SCHOOLS. EXPECTATIONS IN TERMS OF OCCUPATIONAL PLACEMENT ARE LOWER FOR NEGROES. NEGROES AT SOUTHERN SEGREGATED SCHOOLS MATCH EXPECTATIONS WITH ASPIRATIONS MORE THAN DO THOSE IN NORTHERN SCHOOLS NEGRO YOUTH ARE LESS LIKELY THAN WHITE YOUTH TO PERCEIVE GOAL CONSENSUS BETWEEN THEMSELVES AND TEACHERS. POSITIVE PERCEPTIONS ARE FOUND WHERE NEGRO STUDENTS REFER TO NEGRO TEACHERS. EDUCATORS SHOULD MOVE FROM THE CONCEPT OF THE INTERRACIAL SCHOOL TO A TOTALLY INTEGRATED ONE, BOTH SOCIALLY AND ACADEMICALLY, EVEN THOUGH MANY SEGREGATED NEGRO SCHOOLS ARE SUPERIOR TO INTERRACIAL NORTHERN ONES. DISADVANTAGED NEGROES AND WHITES DO NOT SEE GOAL CONSENSUS BETWEEN CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES AND THEIR OWN ENDS. THUS, EDUCATIONAL EMPHASIS SHOULD BE ON IMMEDIATE BENEFITS OF EDUCATION RATHER THAN ON LONG RANGE PLANS. MORE SYSTEMATIC AND REALISTIC RESEARCH WITH DISADVANTAGED CHILDREN SHOULD BE CONDUCTED.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: MICHIGAN; Michigan (East Lansing)