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ERIC Number: ED002539
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Sep
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE MOVEMENT OF SPANISH YOUTH FROM RURAL TO URBAN SETTINGS.
BARRETT, DONALD N.; SAMORA, JULIAN
THE ANALYSIS DEALS WITH--DEMOGRAPHIC, HISTORICAL, AND CULTURAL BACKGROUND FACTORS, AND THE HOUSING, FAMILY LIFE, AND EDUCATIONAL AND ECONOMIC PARTICIPATION OF SPANISH SURNAME, NON-PUERTO RICAN PEOPLE IN FIVE SOUTHWESTERN STATES. CONCLUSIONS ARE BASED ON AN EXAMINATION OF EXISTING LITERATURE, A SURVEY OF EXPERT OPINION, FIELD CHECKS OF SELECTED ASPECTS, AND A DEMOGRAPHIC INVESTIGATION. THERE ARE OVER 3.5 MILLION SPANISH-SPEAKING PEOPLE IN THE UNITED STATES. SINCE 1940 THEY HAVE CHANGED FROM A PREDOMINANTLY RURAL POPULATION TO AN OVERWHELMINGLY URBAN GROUP, TO A FAR GREATER EXTENT THAN OTHER WHITE AND NONWHITE GROUPS. THEY EXHIBIT DISTINCTIVE CULTURAL TRAITS THAT ENCOURAGE RESIDENTIAL AND SOCIAL SEGREGATION. OVER HALF OF THEM ARE UNDER 20 YEARS OLD. EVIDENCE SHOWS THAT--THE HOUSING OF SPANIARDS IS MUCH POORER THAN THAT OF OTHER WHITE AND NONWHITE GROUPS, YET SPANIARDS PAY HIGHER RENT FOR UNITS OF COMPARABLE VALUE, THE RATES OF FERTILITY, MORBIDITY, MORTALITY, AND BROKEN FAMILIES AMONG SPANIARDS ARE HIGH, EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT IS LOWER THAN FOR OTHER WHITE OR NONWHITE, WITH 25 TO 50 PERCENT OF THE SPANIARDS HAVING 4 YEARS OR LESS OF FORMAL EDUCATION, INCOME IS LOW, AND UNEMPLOYMENT IS HIGH, AND MANY SPANISH-SPEAKING PEOPLE ARE MIGRANT LABORERS, WHICH PRESUPPOSES LITTLE EDUCATION, CHILD LABOR, AND POOR FAMILY CONDITIONS FOR YOUTH. RECOMMENDATIONS TO IMPROVE THE SITUATION OF SPANISH YOUTH INCLUDE BETTER OPPORTUNITIES TO LEARN ENGLISH IN SCHOOLS, EFFECTIVE LEADERSHIP THAT CAN OVERCOME NEGATIVE COMMUNITY AND SCHOOL ATTITUDES TOWARD A LOWER-CLASS, SEEMINGLY FOREIGN ETHNIC GROUPS, BETTER VOCATIONAL COUNSELING, APPRENTICESHIP, AND JOB TRAINING, PREVENTION OF EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION, BETTER ENFORCEMENT OF HOUSING, SLUM, AND SANITATION LAWS OF ALL CITIES, AND GREATER EFFORTS TO REDUCE THE DROPOUT RATES BY PROVIDING MORE MOTIVATION FOR EDUCATION.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Committee for Children and Youth, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: INDIANA; University of Notre Dame IN