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ERIC Number: ED002537
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1952-May
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EVALUATION OF A PROCEDURE FOR USING DAYLIGHT PROJECTION OF FILM LOOPS IN TEACHING SKILLS.
HARBY, S.F.
EQUIPMENT USING A TRANSLUCENT SCREEN AND REAR PROJECTION HAS MADE IT POSSIBLE TO PROJECT MOTION PICTURES IN DAYLIGHT (DAYLIGHT PROJECTION). FILMS CAN BE SHOWN REPEATEDLY WHEN FORMED INTO A FILM LOOP (CONTINUOUS LOOP PROJECTION). DAYLIGHT PROJECTION AND CONTINUOUS LOOP PROJECTION WERE USED TO INVESTIGATE THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS--(1) ARE FILM LOOP DEMONSTRATIONS PROJECTED IN DAYLIGHT AS EFFECTIVE AS DEMONSTRATIONS BY A LIVE INSTRUCTOR, (2) ARE DEMONSTRATIONS MORE EFFECTIVE WHEN INTERSPERSED WITH PRACTICE, AND (3) IS COACHING OF THE INDIVIDUAL DURING PRACTICE MORE EFFECTIVE THAN NO COACHING. THE EXPERIMENT WAS DIVIDED INTO SUBSTUDIES. IN EACH, THE TASK TO BE LEARNED WAS A SERIES OF FOUR TUMBLING SKILLS, EACH OF DIFFERENT LEVELS OF DIFFICULTY. PHYSICAL EDUCATION CLASSES AT THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE COLLEGE SERVED AS THE EXPERIMENTAL POPULATION. IN THE FIRST STUDY, FOUR DIFFERENT TEACHING PRECEDURES WERE USED TO STUDY VARIABLES OF MASSED VERSUS INTERSPERSED SHOWINGS AND MOVIES VERSUS LIVE INSTRUCTORS. IN THE SECOND STUDY, FOUR DIFFERENT TEACHING PROCEDURES WERE USED TO STUDY THE EFFECT OF COACHING DURING PRACTICE AND OF REGULATED INTERSPERSION OF MOVIE DEMONSTRATIONS AND PRACTICE VERSUS FREE CHOICE OF THE LEARNER TO VIEW THE FILMS AS HE WISHES. THE RESULTS OF TESTING 100 MEN INDICATED THAT--(1) FILM DEMONSTRATIONS PROJECTED BY MEANS OF FILM LOOPS IN DAYLIGHT PROVED AS EFFECTIVE AS LIVE INSTRUCTOR'S DEMONSTRATION. (2) DEMONSTRATIONS INTERSPERSED WITH PRACTICE WERE NOT MORE EFFECTIVE. (3) COACHING OF THE INDIVIDUAL DURING PRACTICE WAS SIGNIFICANTLY SUPERIOR TO NOT COACHING. (4) DAYLIGHT PROJECTION OF FILM LOOPS WAS A PRACTICAL WAY OF PROVIDING ON-THE-SPOT FILM DEMONSTRATIONS IN PERCEPTUAL-MOTOR TRAINING.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park.
Identifiers: PENNSYLVANIA; Pennsylvania (Philadelphia)