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ERIC Number: ED002491
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Aug-21
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
ON-AIR, CLOSED-CIRCUIT INSTRUCTIONAL TELEVISION, THE 2500 MEGACYCLE BAND.
LAPIN, STANLEY
THE SATISFACTION OF THE BASIC REQUIREMENTS OF EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION BY THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE INSTRUCTIONAL TV FIXED SERVICE WAS DISCUSSED. THE BASIC REQUIREMENTS OF EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION WERE THAT THE COST PER STUDENT OR PER STUDENT HOUR OF INSTRUCTION HAD TO BE ECONOMICAL, THAT A VERY LARGE NUMBER OF STUDENTS HAD TO BE SERVED, THAT THE SYSTEM HAD TO BE CAPABLE OF TEACHING SUBJECTS SIMULTANEOUSLY, AND THAT THE SYSTEM HAD TO BE LOCALLY CONTROLLED. THE ONLY PREVIOUSLY AVAILABLE METHODS FOR DISTRIBUTING INSTRUCTIONAL TELEVISION MATERIAL TO MANY SCHOOLS INVOLVED STANDARD TELEVISION BROADCASTING CHANNELS OR INTERCONNECTING CABLE FACILITIES, NEITHER OF WHICH WAS SATISFACTORY. BASED ON THE SUCCESS OF THE PLAINEDGE, NEW YORK SCHOOL DISTRICT DEMONSTRATION SYSTEM, WHICH WAS AN ON-AIR CLOSED-CIRCUIT SYSTEM INTERCONNECTING THE DISTRICT'S HIGH SCHOOL, JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL, AND ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS, THE FCC ESTABLISHED AN INSTRUCTIONAL TV FIXED SERVICE. THE TV FIXED SERVICE PERMITTED THE OPERATION OF LOW-POWER TELEVISION BROADCASTING SYSTEMS IN THE 2500 TO 2690 MEGACYCLE FREQUENCY RANGE. A DESCRIPTION OF THE PLAINEDGE SYSTEM INDICATED HOW A TYPICAL INSTALLATION OPERATED. STUDIES SHOWED HOW SUCH SYSTEMS COULD FILL THE INSTRUCTIONAL TELEVISION REQUIREMENTS OF SMALL, MEDIUM, AND LARGE SCHOOL DISTRICTS AS WELL AS COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES. A SINGLE CHANNEL SYSTEM SERVING ALL PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN A VERY LARGE CITY COULD COST 2 DOLLARS PER PUPIL, WITH AN ADDITIONAL CHANNEL BRINGING THE COST UP 25 CENTS PER PUPIL. ONLY A CONSIDERATION OF SUCH FACTORS AS SIZE AND TERRAIN OF AN AREA, LOCATION AND NUMBER OF SCHOOLS, AND CHANNEL REQUIREMENTS COULD PROVIDE COST INFORMATION FOR SCHOOL DISTRICTS. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED TO THE CONFERENCE ON EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION (3RD, BRONX, AUGUST 21, 1963).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: NEW YORK; New York (Bronx)