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ERIC Number: ED002477
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A PSYCHOLOGY OF TEACHING READING TO INDIVIDUALS.
COHEN, S. ALAN
INCLUDED ARE CASE DESCRIPTIONS OF TWO RETARDED READERS WHOSE ORAL READING SCORES WERE TWO GRADE LEVELS ABOVE PLACEMENT, A DESCRIPTION OF CLASSROOM TEACHNIQUE THAT TEACHES WITH A 25 TO 1 PUPIL-TEACHER RATIO, AND A DISCUSSION OF THE PSYCHOSOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF DIFFERENTIATING INSTRUCTION TO MEET INDIVIDUAL NEEDS. CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES SHOULD BE ADJUSTED TO MEET INDIVIDUAL NEEDS SO THAT THE CONTENT OF LEARNING IS TAILORED TO INDIVIDUAL NEEDS, THE LEVEL OF CONTENT IS ADJUSTED TO INDIVIDUAL NEEDS, LEARNING SPEED DIFFERS FROM PERSON TO PERSON, AND THE FREQUENCY OF RESPONSE IS MAXIMIZED FOR EACH INDIVIDUAL SO THAT MAXIMUM LEARNING CAN BE EXPECTED AND CHILDREN CAN CONTINUOUSLY RESPOND TO TEACHING STIMULI. THE SELF-DIRECTED CLASSROOM IS CONSIDERED THE WAY TO MEET INDIVIDUAL NEEDS IN A LARGE CLASSROOM. INDIVIDUALIZED INSTRUCTION INVOLVES FIVE MAJOR EFFORTS BY THE TEACHER--SHE SHOULD OPERATE AS A LEARNING SPECIALIST BY ISOLATING SPECIFIC OPERATIONS TO BE TAUGHT, SHE SHOULD DEVELOP A CORE READING PROGRAM FOR ALL PUPILS IN WHICH EACH CAN MOVE AT HIS OWN PACE, SHE SHOULD DEVELOP SELF-TEACHING, SELF-CORRECTING LEARNING SEGMENTS, AND TEAM LEARNING TECHNIQUES THAT INCREASE THE LEARNER'S ROLE, INCREASE FREQUENCY OF RESPONSE, AND DECREASE DIRECT TEACHER INTERVENTION, SHE SHOULD BE TRAINED IN DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF LEARNING NEEDS, AND SHE SHOULD KNOW THE MATERIALS AVAILABLE IN READING, LANGUAGE ARTS, MATHEMATICS, AND SCIENCE, AND SHOULD BE ABLE TO DEVELOP NEW MATERIALS TO SOLVE NEW PROBLEMS. WHEN INDIVIDUAL SELF INSTRUCTION OR SMALL TEAM LEARNING IS PRACTICED, CERTAIN DESIRABLE PSYCHOSOCIAL BENEFITS ARE OBTAINED IN ADDITION TO THE EDUCATIONAL ONES--SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY, PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY, SOCIAL-PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT, INTRINSIC RATHER THAN EXTRINSIC REWARDS AND SATISFACTIONS, POSITIVE REINFORCEMENTS, FRUSTRATION TOLERANCE, AND CONTROL OF DESTINY.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: MOBILIZATION FOR YOUTH; NEW YORK; New York (New York)