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ERIC Number: ED002440
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Jan
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CHILD-REARING AND FAMILY RELATIONSHIP PATTERNS OF THE VERY POOR.
CHILMAN, CATHERINE S.
STUDIES ON THE POOR'S PATTERNS OF CHILD-REARING AND FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS ARE SUMMARIZED AND COMPARED WITH STUDIES ON IDEAL PATTERNS OF CHILD-READING AND LIFE. EDUCATIONALLY ACHIEVING FAMILIES GIVE THE CHILD FREEDOM WITHIN CONSISTENT LIMITS AND A WIDE RANGE OF PARENT-GUIDED EXPERIENCES. VERY POOR FAMILIES LIMIT FREEDOM FOR EXPLORATION AND HAVE A FEAR AND DISTRUST OF THE UNKNOWN. EMOTIONALLY HEALTHY MIDDLE-CLASS FAMILIES RESPECT THE CHILD AS AN INDIVIDUAL WHOSE BEHAVIOR HAS MILTIPLE CAUSES. COMMUNICATION BETWEEN PARENT AND CHILD IS ENCOURAGED. VERY POOR FAMILIES REGARD MISBEHAVIOR IN TERMS OF CONCRETE PRAGMATIC OUTCOMES, REASONS FOR BEHAVIOR ARE NOT COMSIDERED. VERBAL COMMUNICATION IS LIMITED. MIDDLE-CLASS FAMILIES TEND TO USE DEMOCRATIC CHILD-REARING METHODS WITH MILD, REASONABLE, AND CONSISTENT DISCIPLINE. THE ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIOR OF THE VERY POOR, MORE THAN THOSE OF THE MIDDLE CLASS, TEND TO BE ANTITHETICAL TO A STABLE, PERSONALLY FULFILLING MARRAGE. SUCH ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIOR PLAY AN IMPORTANT PART IN THE HIGH RATE OF SEPARATION, DIVORCE, DESERTION, AND ILLEGITIMACY FOUND AMONG THE VERY POOR. A STABLE, HAPPY MARITAL ADJUSTMENT OF THE PARENTS IS IMPORTANT TO THE PSYCHOLOGICAL, SOCIAL, AND EDUCATIONAL WELL-BEING OF THE CHILD DURING CHILDHOOD, ADOLESCENCE, AND THE PERIOD WHEN HE ESTABLISHES HIS OWN FAMILY. ASSOCIATED OUTCOMES OF BEHAVIOR MALFUNCTIONING INCLUDE DIFFICULTIES IN OBTAINING AND HOLDING A JOB, IN PARTICIPATING IN COMMUNITY ACTIVITIES, AND IN MANAGING HOMES ADEQUATELY. THIS ARTICLE IS A REPRINT FROM THE "WELFARE IN REVIEW," JANUARY 1965.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA