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ERIC Number: ED002434
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1949-May
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
MUSIC IN MOTION PICTURES--REVIEW OF LITERATURE WITH IMPLICATIONS FOR INSTRUCTIONAL FILMS.
ZUCKERMAN, JOHN V.
THE POSSIBLE IMFORMATIONAL, EMOTIONAL, AND CONCEPTUAL AND INTEGRATIVE FUNCTIONS OF FILM MUSIC WERE PRESENTED. A LIST OF TECHNIQUES FOR ACHIEVING THOSE FUNCTIONS AND CRITIQUES OF THOSE TECHNIQUES AS USED IN MOTION PICTURES WERE INCLUDED. TYPES OF INFORMATIONAL FUNCTIONS OF MUSIC EXPLAINED AND ILLUSTRATED WERE--DELINEATION OF PERSONALITY OR CHARACTER OF FILM ACTORS, PROVISION OF SUBJECTIVE EVALUATION FOR AN OBJECTIVE IMAGE, EMPHASIS FOR ACTION, TELLING A STORY, RECALLING PAST EVENTS, AND FORETELLING THE FUTURE. EMOTIONAL FUNCTIONS OF MUSIC WERE TO ESTABLISH ATMOSPHERE OR MOOD, TO ADD TO THE EMOTIONAL TONE OR MOOD OF INCIDENTS, OR TO POINT UP DRAMATIC OR COMIC HIGHLIGHTS OF THE FILM. CONCEPTUAL AND INTEGRATIVE FUNCTIONS WERE THE UNIFICATION OF DRAMATIC MATERIAL, THE ASSOCIATION OF IDEAS, THE CONNECTION OF DIALOGUE SEQUENCES, AND ACCOMPANIMENT FOR SEQUENCES OF SILENT ACTION. EXAMPLES OF GOOD AND POOR USES OF MUSICAL DEVICES BY COMPOSERS AND DIRECTORS TO ACHIEVE INTENDED EFFECTS WERE--TEMPO AND RHYTHM, CUEING AND ACCENTUATION, TONE COLORING, THEMATIC STRUCTURE, LENGTH, AND DEVELOPMENT, VOLUME AND INTENSITY, STYLE AND MUSICAL SCHOOLS OF COMPOSTITION, AND INTEGRATION OF MUSIC, SOUND EFFECTS, SPEECH, AND VISUAL IMAGE. POSSIBLE USES OF MUSIC IN INSTRUCTIONAL FILMS WERE THAT--MUSIC COULD PROVIDE PERCEPTUAL DIRECTION BY OVERCOMING PREVIOUS DISTRACTIONS, MUSIC COULD BE A MOTIVATIONAL AID IF THE LEARNER RECOGNIZED AN ASSOCIATION INTENDED BY THE MUSIC AND TOOK PRIDE IN CORRECT PERFORMANCE, FAMILIAR MUSIC COULD PROVIDE CLUES FOR INFERENTIAL THINKING BY ASSOCIATION WITH A NEW EXPERIENCE NOT PREVIOUSLY RELATED TO FAMILIAR ONES, MUSIC COULD PROVIDE MEMORY REINFORCEMENT BY ASSOCIATING THE FAMILIAR WITH THE UNFAMILIAR, AND MUSIC REGARDED HIGHLY BY THE AUDIENCE COULD SECURE FAVORABLE ATTITUDES TOWARD THE MATERIAL OF FILMS. A REVIEW OF THE FUNCTIONS OF FILM MUSIC WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF LEARNING PRINCIPLES WAS INCLUDED.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park.
Identifiers: N/A