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ERIC Number: ED002413
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SOME APPLICATIONS OF PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION FOR ALLEVIATION OF POVERTY.
THERE ARE THREE CIRCUMSTANCES IN WHICH THE EDUCATOR MAY DECIDE THAT PROGRAMS SHOULD BE PRESENTED BY MACHINE RATHER THAN IN BOOK FORMAT--(1) WHEN THE PROGRAM REQUIRES PRESENTATION OF A WIDER RANGE OF STIMULI THAN IS POSSIBLE IN MORE CONVENTIONAL FORMATS, (2) WHEN THERE IS NEED FOR MORE CONTROL OVER STUDENT PERFORMANCE THAN IS POSSIBLE IN BOOK FORMAT, AND (3)WHEN REPEATED USE OF A TEACHING MACHINE MAY RESULT IN SAVINGS IN COST. RESEARCH ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION INDICATES--(1) A GOOD PROGRAM IS ONE IN WHICH THE TRAINING OBJECTIVES AND THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE STUDENTS FOR WHOM THE PROGRAM IS INTENDED ARE EXPLICITLY STATED, (2) THE PROGRAM SHOULD HAVE BEEN TESTED ON REPRESENTATIVE STUDENTS FROM THE INTENDED POPULATION AND REVISED TO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT TRYOUT DATA, AND (3) LEARNING FROM A GOOD PROGRAM SHOULD COMPARE FAVORABLY WITH LEARNING FROM CONVENTIONAL TEACHING SITUATIONS. THE USES TO WHICH PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION CAN BE PUT IN EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES IN POVERTY-STRICKEN REGIONS INVOLVE EXPANSION OF EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY, INCREASED INDIVIDUALIZATION OF INSTRUCTION, AND MORE EFFECTIVE USE OF TEACHERS. EDUCATION AGENCIES CAN DEVELOP PROGRAMS TO ANSWER LOCAL NEEDS AND APPLY THE TECHNIQUES OF PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT TO PRODUCE OTHER TEACHING MATERIALS. IN THE SELECTION OF SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMS, THE TEACHER OR SELECTION COMMITTEE SHOULD FIRST STATE AS EXPLICITLY AS POSSIBLE THE OUTCOMES DESIRED FROM THE PROGRAM. THE EVALUATOR SHOULD THEN SURVEY THE TITLES OF PROGRAMS AVAILABLE IN THE CHOSEN SUBJECT AREA. EVALUATION SHOULD PROVIDE INFORMATION AND APPROPRIATENESS OF CONTENT, PROGRAM EFFECTIVENESS, AND USABILITY.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A