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ERIC Number: ED002411
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1960
Pages: 5
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
INCOMES OF MIGRATORY AGRICULTURAL WORKERS.
METZLER, WILLIAM H.; SARGENT, FREDERIC O.
A SURVEY ON THE INCOME OF MIGRATORY WORKERS LOCATED IN SOUTH TEXAS DURING THE WINTER OF 1956-57 WAS PRESENTED. IN 446 HOUSEHOLDS SURVEYED, THERE WERE 1,334 WORKERS, APPROXIMATELY HALF OF THESE WERE HOUSEHOLD HEADS OR THEIR WIVES. WORKING WIVES WERE A LITTLE MORE THAN HALF AS NUMEROUS AS WORKING HUSBANDS. MOST OF THE HUSBANDS WERE 45 TO 54 YEARS OF AGE. MOST OF THE WORKING WIVES WERE 25 TO 34 YEARS OF AGE. SCHOOL CHILDREN CONSTITUTED ONE-FIFTH OF THE WORKERS, ONE-THIRD OF THE CHILDREN WERE UNDER 14 YEARS OF AGE. MOST OF THE WORKERS WERE UNDEREMPLOYED, THEY AVERAGED 131 DAYS OF WORK DURING 1956. HOUSEHOLD HEADS AVERAGED 174 DAYS OF WORK. THE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE AT THE HOME BASE WAS TWICE AS GREAT AS WHEN THE WORKERS WERE ON THE ROAD. EARNINGS AVERAGED $781 PER WORKER AND $1,145 PER MALE HEADS OF HOUSEHOLD. EARNINGS AVERAGED $2,208 PER FAMILY, THIS VARIED CLOSELY WITH THE SIZE OF THE FAMILY WORK FORCE. TRENDS TOWARD AN IMPROVED SITUATION FOR MIGRATORY WORKERS INCLUDED THE PERMANENT MOVEMENT OF MIGRATORY WORKERS TO OTHER STATES AND REDUCTION OF LABOR SURPLUSES AT THE HOME BASE DURING THE WINTER, THE DEVELOPMENT OF ANNUAL WORKERS' PLANS WHICH CORRELATED MOVEMENT OF THE WORKERS WITH LOCAL LABOR NEEDS DURING THE SEASON, THE DEVELOPMENT OF BETTER MEANS OF SCHOOL ATTENDANCE ADMINISTRATION TO REDUCE THE LOSS IN EDUCATIONAL ADVANTAGES, AND THE MORE CAREFUL REGULATION OF TRANSPORTATION, HOUSING, AND SANITATION TO MAKE THE LIVING AND WORKING CONDITIONS OF MIGRATORY WORKERS CONFORM TO ACCEPTABLE MINIMUM STANDARDS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: TEXAS; Texas (College Station)