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ERIC Number: ED002374
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963
Pages: 102
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
PROGRAMED SELF-INSTRUCTION IN MANDARIN CHINESE, OBSERVATIONS OF STUDENT PROGRESS WITH AN AUTOMATED AUDIO-VISUAL INSTRUCTIONAL DEVICE.
CARROLL, JOHN B.
RESEARCH WAS UNDERTAKEN TO DETERMINE WHETHER SPOKEN AND WRITTEN FOREIGN LANGUAGE SKILLS COULD BE TAUGHT BY PROGRAMED SELF-INSTRUCTION USING THE MOST PRACTICAL AND WELL-DESIGNED AUDIOVISUAL TECHNIQUES AVAILABLE. THE PRESENTATION DEVICE, OR TEACHING MACHINE, WAS DESIGNED AND CONSTRUCTED TO SERVE THE SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS OF PROGRAMED SELF-INSTRUCTION IN SPOKEN AND WRITTEN FOREIGN LANGUAGES. THE MACHINE UTILIZED LOOPS OF 35MM FILMS AND STANDARD MAGNETIC TAPE AS THE INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA. THE PROGRAM PRESENTED ALL THE PHONEMES OF MANDARIN CHINESE, THE ROMANIZATION TRANSCRIPTIONS FOR THESE PHONEMES, 159 VOCABULARY ITEMS, 35 GRAMMAR POINTS, AND 50 CHINESE CHARACTERS. TWO EXPERIMENTS WERE CONDUCTED WHICH MEASURED LANGUAGE APTITUDE, PROGRAM PERFORMANCE, AND CRITERION PERFORMANCE. THE RESULTS SUGGESTED THAT THE STRUCTURE OF THE PROGRAM ALLOWED FOR EFFICIENT LEARNING FOR HIGH APITUDE STUDENTS, BUT DEMANDED MUCH TIME AND ATTENTION FROM LOW APTITUDE STUDENTS. STUDENTS SEEMED TO PROGRESS TWICE AS FAST AS THEY WOULD UNDER CONVENTIONAL INTENSIVE CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION. THE RATE OF LEARNING WAS HIGHLY CORRELATED WITH APTITUDE FOR LEARNING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE. THE COST OF USING PROGRAMED SELF-INSTRUCTION WAS HIGH. RECOMMENDATIONS INCLUDED REFINEMENT OF PROGRAMING TECHNIQUES, PARTIAL MECHANIZATION OF THE PRODUCTION OF PROGRAMS, AND SIMPLIFICATION AND REFINEMENT OF AUDIOVISUAL TEACHING MACHINES. REFERENCES WERE LISTED, AND TABLES AND FIGURES OF THE EXPERIMENTS WERE GIVEN.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Language Testing Fund, Wellesley, MA.
Identifiers: AUDIOINSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMS; CAMBRIDGE