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ERIC Number: ED002300
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 34
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
GUIDANCE FOR EDUCATIONALLY DISADVANTAGED PUPILS.
KAPLAN, BERNARD A.; AND OTHERS
CHILDREN FROM CULTURALLY DISADVANTAGED BACKGROUNDS REQUIRE SPECIAL ATTENTION FROM COUNSELORS AND OTHER SCHOOL PERSONNEL. PUBLIC SCHOOLS OFTEN REFLECT A MIDDLE-CLASS ORIENTATION AND VALUE STRUCTURE. AS A RESULT, A LARGE PROPORTION OF THE SCHOOL'S ACTIVITIES, EXPECTATIONS, AND STANDARDS ARE PARTIALLY ALIEN TO THOSE OF MOST OF ITS DISADVANTAGED PUPILS. THE COUNSELOR MAY HAVE TO REEXAMINE HIS APPROACH IN THE LIGHT OF THE NEEDS OF THE DISADVANTAGED CHILD. CHARACTERISTICS OF CHILDREN FROM LOW SOCIOECONOMIC BACKGROUNDS WHICH THE COUNSELOR CAN USE AS GENERAL BACKGROUND MATERIAL IN COUNSELING INCLUDE--INADEQUATE SELF-IMAGE, ONE OR MORE YEARS BEHIND AGE-GROUP IN SCHOOL, FREQUENT TARDINESS, ABSENTEEISM OR TRUANCY, INABILITY TO COMMUNICATE ADEQUATELY EITHER IN WRITING OR IN SPEAKING, A LACK OF KNOWLEDGE OF OR FEELING FOR SCHOOL ROUTINE, RETARDATION IN READING, POOR PERFORMANCE ON TESTS, AND HOSTILITY TO AUTHORITY. A COUNSELOR CAN BEGIN TO EXPLORE THE PROBLEMS OF DISADVANTAGED STUDENTS BY READING THE LITERATURE, CONSULTING WITH OTHERS ENGAGED IN THE WORK, AND VISITING OTHER SPECIAL PROGRAMS. THE COUNSELOR CAN IDENTIFY DISADVANTAGED CHILDREN THROUGH CASE STUDIES OF PUPILS ABSENT FOR LONG PERIODS, IDENTIFICATION OF POTENTIAL DROPOUTS, AND HOME VISITS. THE RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE COUNSELOR INCLUDE DEVELOPING HOME-SCHOOL RELATIONSHIPS AND REMEDIAL AND TUTORIAL SERVICES, EXPANDING EDUCATIONAL AND VOCATIONAL HORIZONS, WORKING WITH OTHER STAFF MEMBERS, DEVELOPING COMMUNITY RELATIONSHIPS, AND WORKING TOWARD A POSITIVE COUNSELING RELATIONSHIP. A HEIGHTENED CONCERN FOR THE DISADVANTAGED CHILD CAN HELP THE SCHOOL TO PROVIDE A MORE POSITIVE INFLUENCE FOR PUPILS AND THEIR PARENTS SO THAT MORE PUPILS WILL REMAIN IN SCHOOL TO GRADUATE AND TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THEIR POTENTIALTIES.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: New York State Education Dept., Albany.
Identifiers: New York (Albany)